In the name of allah our creator , god of Abraham , Moses , Jacob , Jesus and all prophets

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Bathsheba & David

2 Samuel 11:1-26, 12:15-25

Bathsheba was the beautiful grand-daughter of Ahitophel, a shrewd military and political counselor of David. She belonged to an elite warrior family, and her husband Uriah was a high-ranking professional soldier, one of the respected warriors called The Thirty.

Her father and husband were stationed at Jerusalem, directly under the control of the king. They were David’s personal bodyguards, his champions, renowned for their bravery.

She was thus a member of an elite warrior family, something like the wife of a high-ranking samurai. Since her grandfather, father and husband were close allies of David’s, it is safe to assume that she and David had already met before the famous scene where David sees her bathing.

It happened late one afternoon, when David rose from his couch and was walking about on the roof of the king’ house, that he saw from the roof a woman bathing; the woman was very beautiful. David sent someone to inquire about the woman. It was reported ‘This is Bathsheba daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite’. So David sent messengers to get her, and she came to him, and he lay with her.’ Read 2 Samuel 11:2-4.

The Seduction

Bathsheba was most probably on the house’s flat roof, a tented area often used by the women of the family for a variety of tasks.

In this case Bathsheba was washing herself after her menstrual period. The text makes a point of this post-menstrual purification, to show she was not carrying Uriah’s child, but was at the stage in her menstrual cycle when she was likely to conceive. King David was on the roof terrace of the palace above, looking down. The terrace may or may not have been screened by latticework (the mother of Sisera in Judges 5:28) watched the road through a lattice, and a statue found in the northern city of Ugarit shows a woman at a latticed window)

The text does not tell us whether Bathsheba knew she was being watched. David may have been screened from sight by a lattice, so that she was unaware of his presence. Or she may have been quite aware she was being watched.

In any case, David saw her young body and desired her. At the time, Bathsheba’s husband Uriah was away, fighting with the army – something David knew.
Bathsheba was summoned to the palace. She went. Did she go willingly? Feminist literature likes to think she was a victim taken to the palace against her will, but the text gives a clue that she went willingly. The sentence reads ‘…David sent messengers to get her, and she went‘, suggesting that, though young, she was ambitious and strong-willed enough to seize her chance – even though it must have meant ignoring the pleas of the other women of Uriah’s household.

While she was at the palace she and David had sexual intercourse. Afterwards, she returned to her home, and we hear no more until a few months later, when she realized she was pregnant. She sent a message to David to tell him, and David responded by sending for Uriah. When the soldier-husband arrived in Jerusalem and reported to David, the king told him to down to his home and wife. He hoped that Uriah would make love to his wife, and that the child might be passed off as Uriah’s.

The main source :

ملاحظة :
Bathsheba is among the four women listed in Matthew’s gospel as ancestors of Jesus of Nazareth.