What Do Muslims Believe about Jesus|
What do Muslims believe about Jesus
Jesus Christ—Arabic = Isa ‘l-Masih; Isa bin Maryam. Isa. In the Holy Qur’an, Jesus Christ is spoken of with the following names and titles: Isa ("Jesus")—Al-Baidawi says it is the same as the Hebrew Ishu’ and derived from Al-Ayas, "white mingled with red," or "reddish brown." Isa bin Maryam—"Jesus son of Mary," from whom he was born by the Power of Allah. Al-Masih—"The Messiah" (Holy Qur’an 3:40). "His name shall be Messiah Jesus." Al Kamalan, the commentators, say he is called Al-Masih either because he was both blessed and anointed by the Angel Gabriel, or because whomsoever Jesus touched he healed. Kalima tu’llah—"The Word of Allah (God)." (Holy Qur’an 4:169) "His Word." Husain says, by this expression is meant he who was born at the express fiat of Allah. (Holy Qur’an 19:36) "He says only Be and it is." Qaulu’l-Haqq—"The Word of Truth." (Holy Qur’an 19:35) Some commentators say this reference is to the statement made being "the Word of Truth," while others take it as a reference to Jesus himself, "The Word of Truth." Ruhun min Allah—"A spirit from Allah (God)." (Holy Qur’an 4:169) "A spirit from Him." Al-Baidawi says it is a spirit that proceeds from Allah. The Title Ruhu’llah is the special kalimah (name) for Jesus Christ. Rasulu’llah—"The Messenger of Allah." (Prophet; Messenger of Allah). (Holy Qur’an 4:169) Abdu’llah—"The Servant of Allah." (Holy Qur’an 19:31) —"Verily I am the servant of Allah." Nabi yu’llah—"The Prophet of Allah." (Holy Qur’an 19:31) —"He has made me a Nabi (Prophet)." Wajihun fi’d-dunya wa’l-akhirah—"Illustrious in this world and in the next." (Holy Qur’an 3:40) The Annunciation of Mary Holy Qur’an 3:42-49—"And remember when the angels said, ‘O Mary, verily Allah has chosen thee, and purified thee, and chosen thee above the women of the worlds! O Mary! Be devout towards thy Lord, and prostrate thyself and bow down with those who bow.’ This is one of the announcements of things unseen by thee: To thee, (O Muhammad!) do we reveal it; for thou was not with them when they cast lots with reeds which or them should rear Mary; nor was thou with them when they disputed about it. Remember when the Angel said ‘O Mary! Verily Allah announced to thee the Word from Him: His name Messiah Jesus Son of Mary, Illustrious in this world, and in the next, and of those who have near access to Allah: and he shall speak to men when in the cradle and when grown up; and he shall be one of the just.’ She said, ‘How, O my Lord! Shall I have a son, when man has not touched me?’ He said: ‘Thus Allah will create what he will; when He decreed a thing, He only says Be and it is.’" Holy Qur’an 19:16-21—„ And make mention in the Book, of Mary, when she went apart from he family, eastward and took a veil to shroud herself from them: and we sent Our Spirit to her, and he took before her the form of a perfect man. She said: ‘I flee for refuge from thee to the Lord of Mercy! If thou fearest Him, be gone from me!’ He said: ‘I am only a Messenger of thy Lord, that I may bestow on thee a holy son.’ She said: ‘How can I have a son, when man has never touched me? And I am not unchaste.’ He said: ‘So shall it be.’ Thy Lord has said: easy is this with me; and we will make him a sign to mankind, and a mercy from us. For it is a thing decreed." It is said that Mary is spoken of as the daughter of Imran. Commentators say that Imran died before Mary was born. In the Traditions, it is stated that "the only two persons born into the world who have not been touched by the devil are Mary and her son Jesus," thus, teaching the Immaculate Conception, of Mary. When Mary went eastward, "she went out of her house in an eastward direction, in order to perform her ablution, when Gabriel appeared to her." The Birth of Jesus Holy Qur’an 19:22-24—"And she conceived him, and retired with him to a far-off place. She said: ‘Oh, would that I had died before this, and been a thing forgotten, forgotten quite!’ And one cried to her from below her: ‘Grieve not thou, thy Lord have provided a streamlet at thy feet; and shake the trunk of the palm tree toward thee: It will drop fresh ripe dates upon thee; eat and drink and be of cheerful eye: and should thou see a man, say: verily, I have vowed abstinence to Allah most Merciful. To no one I shall speak this day!’ Then she came with the babe to her people, bearing him. They said: ‘O Mary! Now has thou done a strange thing! O’ sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a man of wickedness, nor was thy mother unchaste.’ And she was made a sign to them, pointing toward the babe. They said, ‘How shall we speak with him who is in the cradle, an infant?’ He (Jesus) said, ‘Verily I am a servant of Allah (God); He has given me the Book, and He has made me a Prophet (Nabi); And He has made me blessed wherever I may be and has enjoined on me prayer and almsgiving so long as I shall live; and to be dutiful to her that birthed me; and He hath not made me proud, depraved. And the peace of Allah was on me the day I was born, and will be the day I shall die, and the day I shall be raised to life.’ This is Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam, A Word of Truth, and which they (vainly) dispute." Holy Qur’an 23: 50— "And we appointed the son (Jesus) and his mother for a sign: and we prepared an abode in a lofty spot, quiet and watered with springs." Some Muslim commentators refer to the place of abode as Jerusalem, Damascus, Ramleh, or Bethlehem. The palm tree that she (Mary) shook was withered without any head or fruit and this happened in the winter season. It miraculously supplied her with fruits for her refreshment, immediately. The Miracles of Jesus Holy Qur’an 3:48-49—"And He will teach him the Book, and the Wisdom, and the Law, and the Injil; and he shall be a Prophet to the Children of Israel. ‘Now have I come to you with a sign from your Lord: Out of clay will I make for you, as it were, the figure of a bird, and I will breathe into it, and it shall become, by Allah’s leave, a bird. And I shall heal the blind, and the leper, and by Allah’s leave, I will quicken the dead, and I will tell you what ye eat, and what ye store up in houses! Truly, in this will be a sign for you if ye are believers.’" Holy Qur’an 3:52-53— "And when Jesus perceived unbelief on their part, He said, ‘who will be my helpers with Allah?’ The disciples said ‘We will be Allah’s helpers! We believe in Allah and bear thou witness that we are Muslims. O, our Lord! We believe in what thou has sent down, and we follow the Apostle: write us up with those who bear witness to him.’" The commentators say that Jesus made for the disciples the most perfect of birds, and it flew while they looked at it; that he cured 50,000 persons in one day; he raised Lazarus (Azar) from the dead, and the son of an old woman, and the daughter of a tax-collector. Holy Qur’an 5:112-115— "Remember when the disciples said: ‘O Jesus, Son of Mary! Is the Lord able to send down a furnished table to us out of heaven?’ He said: ‘Fear Allah if ye are believers.’ They said: We desire to eat therefrom and to have our hearts assured; and to know that thou hast indeed spoken truth to us, and to be witnesses thereof.’ Jesus, son of Mary, said: ‘O Allah, our Lord! Send down a table to us out of heaven, that it may become a recurring festival to us, to the first of us and the last of us, and a sign from Thee; and nourish us, for thou art the best of nourishers.’ And Allah said: ‘Verily I will cause it to descend unto you; but whosoever among you after that shall disbelieve, I will surely chastise him with a chastisement wherewith I will not chastise any others.’" This miracle is related by the commentators as follows: Jesus son of Mary, at the request of his followers, asked it of Allah, a red table immediately descended in their sign, between two clouds, and was set before them. Whereupon he rose up, and having made the ablution, prayed, and then took off the cloth which covered the table, saying, ‘In the name of Allah, the best provider of food!’ According to some commentators, the provisions with which the table was furnished were: a fish ready dressed, without scales or prickly fins, dripping with fat, having salt placed at his head, and vinegar at its tail, and round it all sorts of herbs, except leeks, and five loaves of bread; on one loaf, there were olives; on the second, honey; on the third, butter; on the fourth, cheese; and on the fifth, dried flesh (no swine—pig, ham, etc.—these things never touched his blessed lips). Some say that Jesus, at the request of the disciples showed them another miracle, by restoring the fish to life, and causing its scales and fins to return to it; at which the standers-by, being frightened, he caused it to become as it were before; and 1300 men and women, all afflicted with bodily provisions, and were satisfied, the fish remaining whole as it were at first; then the table flew up to heaven in the sight of all; and everyone who had partaken of this food were delivered from their infirmities and misfortunes. And it continued to descend for forty days at dinner-time and stood on the ground till the sun declined, and then was taken up to the clouds. Al Hamdulillah
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What is Jihad and the laws of war in Islam|
What is Jihad?
Jihad means struggling in the name of Allah Almighty. Jihad doesn't always mean a war or battle. Any mean for spreading Islam and the Truth, or to fight for what is right and condemn what is wrong (such as fighting the bad and helping the oppressed even if they were not Muslims) are considered Jihad.
I am doing Jihad right now by maintaining my web site, because it is a tool that can be used for spreading Islam and the Truth. And because it is also a Media tool, it could be used for fighting for what is right and condemning what is wrong.
Islam is not a religion of arms and swords! When Allah Almighty revealed the Noble Quran to Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, and Muhammad became the Messenger of GOD Almighty, Muhammad had to spread Islam to 365 Pagan Arab Tribes. These tribes showed so much hostility toward the Muslims and Islam, and have imposed so many battles against the Muslims.
Later, when Islam was the religion of what we call today Saudi Arabia, and the 365 Pagan Arab tribes mostly converted to Islam, the Muslims had to yet face another type of challenge.
The Nuclear Soviet Union and the United States of America of our days were the Great Empires of the Christian Romans and the Pagan Persians. If you know geography and history well enough, then you would see that the Muslims were trapped between those two big Super Powers.
Hostility and Battles from those two Empires were imposed upon the Muslims. For instance, when our Prophet peace be upon him sent his messenger to "Kisrah", the Emperor of Persia, introducing Islam to him, Kisrah ordered for the Muslims' Messenger to be executed!
Back then, like today, this was considered a coward act. It was the Persians who showed the hostility toward the Muslims and declared the many battles against Islam.
The Christian Romans weren't any better. For instance, in one of their many battles against the Muslims is when they saw the threat to their religion in the Middle East, the King "Herucl", sent out an army of 100,000 men and ordered them to go to "Madina" in what we call today Saudi Arabia to destroy Islam once and for all.
The Muslims were not stable yet at that time, and they only sent out an army of 3,000 men at that time to drive the Christian Romans away from Madina. The battle was named "The battle of Mo'ta" and it took place in Mo'ta, Jordan today.
The Muslims' plan was to meet the Christian Romans far away from Madina, and to have them stray away from Madina. The army of 3,000 men was successful enough to fight the Christian Romans for few days and then to pull away from the battle and headed South of Jordan. The Romans strayed away from Madina and the small army of the Muslims was able to run away through the mountains. More than half of the 3,000 Muslims however were killed in this operation.
The point is that Islam didn't spread by sword with much choice. The wars were imposed upon the Muslims. The Muslims didn't ask for those wars.
Islam is a Religion of Love and Peace and Forgiveness
2- The reason for "Jihad" Noble Verses:
The so-called "Jihad" Noble Verses came for specific times and places. They don't apply for all times and everybody! I can't slay you, a non-Muslim, just because you're not a Muslim. The pagan Arabs were very hostile people and only knew the sword as an answer. Many wars were imposed upon the Muslims, and thus, it is only normal and natural to find Noble Verses that deal with these specific hostile situations. But the Message of the Noble Quran is PEACE, as clearly proven in Noble Verses 2:190, 8:61 and 5:28 above.
The laws of war in Islam:
Muslims are forbidden from attacking others who do not attack them:
"Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for God loveth not transgressors. (The Noble Quran, 2:190)"
Fighting in the cause of GOD Almighty those who fight us is what "Jihad" is all about. I can't go and kill a non-Muslim just because he is a non-Muslim. That is absolutely forbidden in Islam:
"On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one slew a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people. Then although there came to them Our apostles with clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land. (Noble Quran 5:32)"
"Those who invoke not, with God, any other god, nor slay such life as God has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; - and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (But) the Penalty on the Day Of Judgement will be doubled To him, and he will dwell Therein in ignominy. (The Noble Quran, 25:68-69)"
Jihad can only be declared when the Muslims are attacked. Muslims are not allowed to attach those who do not attack them. And even when war breaks out, if the enemy offers an honest peace, then we should accept it and end the blood shed:
"But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace, and trust in God: for He is One that heareth and knoweth (all things). (The Noble Quran, 8:61)"
And if a treaty of peace was made, then we must honor that treaty to the end:
"Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. If God had pleased, He could have given them power over you, and they would have fought you: Therefore if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and (instead) send you (Guarantees of) peace, then God Hath opened no way for you (to war against them). (The Noble Quran, 4:90)"
"How can there be a league, before God and His Apostle, with the Pagans, except those with whom ye made a treaty near the sacred Mosque? As long as these stand true to you, stand ye true to them: for God doth love the righteous. (The Noble Quran, 9:7)"
3- The reason for "Jihad" Ahadith:
Muhammad (peace_be_upon_him) never took revenge for his own sake, but for the sake of Allah Almighty and Islam
We must first of all know that when Islam came, it came among 365 Arab Pagan Tribes, and they were all idol worshipers, women abusers and enslavers. Islam came and fought idol worshiping, oppressing women and racism and slavery (which is by the way clearly promoted in the Bible's Old and New Testaments) in many bloody battles that were imposed upon the Muslims without any choice for the Muslims. So, if we hear about few pigs from the Pagans getting killed for the sake of Allah Almighty, it should not raise any red flags in our minds about the validity of Islam and it's tolerance to non-Muslims.
Narrated 'Aisha: "Whenever Allah's Apostle was given the choice of one of two matters, he would choose the easier of the two, as long as it was not sinful to do so, but if it was sinful to do so, he would not approach it. Allah's Apostle never took revenge (over anybody) for his own sake but (he did) only when Allah's Legal Bindings were outraged in which case he would take revenge for Allah's Sake. (Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 760)"
Narrated 'Aisha: "Whenever Allah's Apostle was given the choice of one of two matters he would choose the easier of the two as long as it was not sinful to do so, but if it was sinful, he would not approach it. Allah's Apostle never took revenge over anybody for his own sake but (he did) only when Allah's legal bindings were outraged, in which case he would take revenge for Allah's sake. (Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab), Volume 8, Book 73, Number 147)"
Narrated Aisha: "Whenever the Prophet was given an option between two things, he used to select the easier of the tow as long as it was not sinful; but if it was sinful, he would remain far from it. By Allah, he never took revenge for himself concerning any matter that was presented to him, but when Allah's Limits were transgressed, he would take revenge for Allah's Sake. (Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Limits and Punishments set by Allah (Hudood), Volume 8, Book 81, Number 777)"
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah: That he fought in a Ghazwa towards Najd along with Allah's Apostle and when Allah's Apostle returned, he too, returned along with him. The time of the afternoon nap overtook them when they were in a valley full of thorny trees. Allah's Apostle dismounted and the people dispersed amongst the thorny trees, seeking the shade of the trees. Allah's Apostle took Shelter under a Samura tree and hung his sword on it. We slept for a while when Allah's Apostle suddenly called us, and we went to him, to find a bedouin sitting with him. Allah's Apostle said, "This (bedouin) took my sword out of its sheath while I was asleep. When I woke up, the naked sword was in his hand and he said to me, 'Who can save you from me?, I replied, 'Allah.' Now here he is sitting." Allah's Apostle did not punish him (for that) .(Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Military Expeditions Led By The Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi), Volume 5, Book 59, Number 458)"
Narrated Jafar bin 'Amr bin Umaiya: I went out with 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi Al-Khaiyar. When we reached Hims (i.e. a town in Syria), 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi said (to me), "Would you like to see Wahshi so that we may ask him about the killing of Hamza?" I replied, "Yes." Wahshi used to live in Hims. We enquired about him and somebody said to us, "He is that in the shade of his palace, as if he were a full water skin." So we went up to him, and when we were at a short distance from him, we greeted him and he greeted us in return. 'Ubaidullah was wearing his turban and Wahshi could not see except his eyes and feet. 'Ubaidullah said, "O Wahshi! Do you know me?" Wahshi looked at him and then said, "No, by Allah! But I know that 'Adi bin Al-Khiyar married a woman called Um Qital, the daughter of Abu Al-Is, and she delivered a boy for him at Mecca, and I looked for a wet nurse for that child. (Once) I carried that child along with his mother and then I handed him over to her, and your feet resemble that child's feet." Then 'Ubaidullah uncovered his face and said (to Wahshi), "Will you tell us (the story of) the killing of Hamza?" Wahshi replied "Yes, Hamza killed Tuaima bin 'Adi bin Al-Khaiyar at Badr (battle) so my master, Jubair bin Mut'im said to me, 'If you kill Hamza in revenge for my uncle, then you will be set free." When the people set out (for the battle of Uhud) in the year of 'Ainain ..'Ainain is a mountain near the mountain of Uhud, and between it and Uhud there is a valley.. I went out with the people for the battle. When the army aligned for the fight, Siba' came out and said, 'Is there any (Muslim) to accept my challenge to a duel?' Hamza bin 'Abdul Muttalib came out and said, 'O Siba'. O Ibn Um Anmar, the one who cir*****cises other ladies! Do you challenge Allah and His Apostle?' Then Hamza attacked and killed him, causing him to be non-extant like the bygone yesterday. I hid myself under a rock, and when he (i.e. Hamza) came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it came out through his buttocks, causing him to die. When all the people returned to Mecca, I too returned with them. I stayed in (Mecca) till Islam spread in it (i.e. Mecca). Then I left for Taif, and when the people (of Taif) sent their messengers to Allah's Apostle, I was told that the Prophet did not harm the messengers; So I too went out with them till I reached Allah's Apostle. When he saw me, he said, 'Are you Wahshi?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Was it you who killed Hamza?' I replied, 'What happened is what you have been told of.' He said, 'Can you hide your face from me?' So I went out when Allah's Apostle died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab appeared (claiming to be a prophet). I said, 'I will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him, and make amends for killing Hamza. So I went out with the people (to fight Musailamah and his followers) and then famous events took place concerning that battle. Suddenly I saw a man (i.e. Musailamah) standing near a gap in a wall. He looked like an ash-colored camel and his hair was dishevelled. So I threw my spear at him, driving it into his chest in between his breasts till it passed out through his shoulders, and then an Ansari man attacked him and struck him on the head with a sword. 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said, 'A slave girl on the roof of a house said: Alas! The chief of the believers (i.e. Musailamah) has been killed by a black slave."(Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Military Expeditions Led By The Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi), Volume 5, Book 59, Number 399)"
Here we clearly see that the Prophet did not have Wahshi killed for killing the Prophets beloved uncle.
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