What is the Sunnah?

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شبكة الفرقان الإسلامية شبكة سبيل الإسلام شبكة كلمة سواء الدعوية منتديات حراس العقيدة
البشارة الإسلامية منتديات طريق الإيمان منتدى التوحيد مكتبة المهتدون
موقع الشيخ احمد ديدات تليفزيون الحقيقة شبكة برسوميات شبكة المسيح كلمة الله
غرفة الحوار الإسلامي المسيحي مكافح الشبهات شبكة الحقيقة الإسلامية موقع بشارة المسيح
شبكة البهائية فى الميزان شبكة الأحمدية فى الميزان مركز براهين شبكة ضد الإلحاد

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What is the Sunnah?

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Thread: What is the Sunnah?

  1. #1
    احمد العربى's Avatar
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    Default What is the Sunnah?

    Sunnah means the way of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). It includes everything he said, did, and approved of. We know the Sunnah from the statements called Hadiths that have been handed down from the Companions of the Prophet.
    Islamic Law is taken from the Qur’an and Sunnah. The Sunnah in this sense both explains the Qur’an, and also gives additional rules and guidance. The Qur’an in many places tells us to obey the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), and thus it is wrong—as some deviant sects claim—that the Qur’an is sufficient and that we do not need the Sunnah.
    According to Islamic jurists, the Sunnah is second to fard. Fard means something is obligatory and it must be done; to neglect it without any excuse is a sin. The Sunnah is divided into confirmed (Sunnah mu’akkadah) and optional (Sunnah ghair mu’akkadah). The confirmed Sunnah also should not be neglected, though it is not as important as the fard. The optional Sunnah is recommended, but if someone neglects it, there is no sin or blame on that person.
    Sunnah Prayers refer to the additional ritual Prayers (Salah) that are recommended before or after the obligatory (fard) Prayers. It is not necessary to perform these additional Prayers, but it is highly recommended to do so. This is because we will be rewarded for imitating the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), and because, on Judgment Day, those Sunnah Prayers will compensate for any obligatory Prayers that were missed or not accepted. For each of the obligatory Prayers, there is a certain number of rak‘ahs of Sunnah Prayer to be performed before and or after the obligatory ones.
    Sunnah can also refer to those things that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) did in order to bring himself closer to Allah, in contrast to those things that he did simply out of habit or custom. So, for example, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) slept on a simple mat out of habit or custom. We are not required to follow him in this. But he also went to sleep on his right side and advised us to do the same. Thus sleeping on the right side is a Sunnah, something he did to please Allah.
    Another example of the latter is that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) ate with his right hand because Allah ordered him to do so; thus it is a Sunnah (in this case, obligatory, based on another Hadith) for us to eat with the right hand. But the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) also ate with his fingers because that was the custom at the time. Thus, it is not a Sunnah for us to eat with the fingers, and there is nothing wrong in using a fork, spoon, or chop sticks.
    Sunnah sometimes means a legitimate thing, in contrast to bid‘ah, which is a rejected innovation in religion. To say that an act of worship is Sunnah would mean that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) did it that way, not that it was later invented by others. So, for example, one may ask whether it is a Sunnah to use prayer beads (misbahah) to count the utterances said in dhikr (remembering Allah), which would mean the same as asking whether the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used prayer beads and whether doing so is a rejected innovation. (The answer is that he himself did not use them, so it is not a Sunnah. However, several of his Companions used pebbles or date stones to count their prayers and he did not disapprove, so neither is it is a rejected innovation.)
    Thus we can see that the Sunnah has several related meanings. The way of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) is the way that should be followed by Muslims.
    It Is Reported That The Prophet Said…

    Muslims learn how to pray by following the Sunnah
    One often reads “It is reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said…” or similar words. These reports are known as Hadiths (meaning “statements”, but often called Traditions in English). They have been handed down to us from the Companions, the Muslims who lived at the time of the Prophet.
    Actually, a Hadith might be a report of what the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, did, or what he approved or disapproved of. The collection of the deeds, practices, and words of the Prophet—known from the Hadiths—is known as the Sunnah, and it forms the second source of Islamic Law after the Qur’an.
    Muslims accept the Sunnah as equivalent to the Qur’an, the Book of Allah (God), and its ordinances are of equal weight to the ordinances of the Qur’an. This is because both the Qur’an and Sunnah are from Allah.
    Sometimes the Qur’an gives a general principle, and the details are known only from the Sunnah. An example of this is the five daily ritual Prayers (Salah). The Qur’an instructs us to remember Allah at various times of the day, but the details of exactly when and how to perform Salah are known from the Sunnah, the words and actions of the Prophet himself (peace and blessings be upon him).
    Some Hadiths were written down during the life of the Prophet, while others were passed on orally and collected later. Scholars study the Prophetic Hadiths and their chains of oral transmission to determine which are valid or authoritative. No Hadith is held true or cited as a proof unless it can be authentically attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).
    There are six well known collections of Hadiths, the most authoritative of which are those by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. After a Hadith is quoted, it is common to cite the collection(s) from which it came. If the same Hadith appears in all of them, the words “agreed upon” or “the group” will usually follow it.
    There are approximately 10,000 Hadiths. They are widely available in libraries and bookshops throughout the Muslim world. Some of the collections have been translated into English and other languages. But like the Qur’an, they can only be fully understood in Arabic, and only the Arabic text can be used in making religious rulings
    .
    قال الله تعالى ( مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رِجَالٌ صَدَقُوا مَا عَاهَدُوا اللَّهَ عَلَيْهِ فَمِنْهُم مَّن قَضَى نَحْبَهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَنتَظِرُ وَمَا بَدَّلُوا تَبْدِيلًا ﴿23﴾ لِيَجْزِيَ اللَّهُ الصَّادِقِينَ بِصِدْقِهِمْ وَيُعَذِّبَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ إِن شَاء أَوْ يَتُوبَ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا ﴿24﴾ الأحزاب

    إن الدخول في الإسلام صفقة بين متبايعين.. .الله سبحانه هو المشتري والمؤمن فيها هو البائع ، فهي بيعة مع الله ، لا يبقى بعدها للمؤمن شيء في نفسه ، ولا في ماله.. لتكون كلمة الله هي العليا ، وليكون الدين كله لله.


    دار الإفتاء المصرية ترد على شبهات وأباطيل أهل الباطل
    ( هنا دار الإفتاء)

  2. #2
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    قال الله تعالى ( مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رِجَالٌ صَدَقُوا مَا عَاهَدُوا اللَّهَ عَلَيْهِ فَمِنْهُم مَّن قَضَى نَحْبَهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَنتَظِرُ وَمَا بَدَّلُوا تَبْدِيلًا ﴿23﴾ لِيَجْزِيَ اللَّهُ الصَّادِقِينَ بِصِدْقِهِمْ وَيُعَذِّبَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ إِن شَاء أَوْ يَتُوبَ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا ﴿24﴾ الأحزاب

    إن الدخول في الإسلام صفقة بين متبايعين.. .الله سبحانه هو المشتري والمؤمن فيها هو البائع ، فهي بيعة مع الله ، لا يبقى بعدها للمؤمن شيء في نفسه ، ولا في ماله.. لتكون كلمة الله هي العليا ، وليكون الدين كله لله.


    دار الإفتاء المصرية ترد على شبهات وأباطيل أهل الباطل
    ( هنا دار الإفتاء)

  3. #3
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    ABQ
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    Very well-written

    May Allah reward you brother

What is the Sunnah?

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What is the Sunnah?

What is the Sunnah?