Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writi

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Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writi

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  1. #1
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    Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writi


    Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium, Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic
    Writings, by Okasha El Daly
    noha abokrysha Wrote In 12-6-2009

    Book Review of ‘Egyptology: The Missing Millennium’ by Okasha El-Daly
    Ruveyda Ozturk*
    Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium, Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writings, by Okasha El Daly. London: UCL Press, 2005. Paperback: 230 pages; ISBN-10: 1844720624 – ISBN-13: 978-1844720620. Dimensions: 9.1 × 6.1 × 0.7 inches.

    Contents
    1-. Presentation of the book
    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...3D1105%23sec_1

    2. About the Author
    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...3D1105%23sec_2

    3. Contents of the book
    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...3D1105%23sec_3

    4. Further resources
    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...3D1105%23sec_4


    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

  2. #2
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    1. Presentation of the book

    The contributions of the Islamic World to modern science have been a matter of discussion for a while now as different aspects of the studies and developments carried out by Muslims of the past have been covered and analysed in a number of texts. Through wide ranging publications and exhibitions carried out by various organisations including the FSTC, it is now commonly accepted that as Europe was living through its dark ages with little scientific development and social improvement, the Muslim world was using knowledge inherited from the past civilisations to prepare a more advanced future and find answers to questions

    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...Millennium.jpg

    that have existed in the minds of great scientists for centuries. A quantity of evidence showing the adaptation, improvement and effective implementation of Greek knowledge by Muslims from the late 8th Century onwards has come to light during the last few decades. These have been shown to have had a great impact on the continuance of science and the birth of the Renaissance and as a result have provided an alternative view to the general Eurocentric approach to the history of science. However, there are still certain aspects of the Muslim contributions that still need to be brought to clarity and researched further. One of these areas that has lacked in depth analysis was the contributions of Muslims in the field of Egyptology as the Muslim efforts to recover and utilise Egyptian knowledge and practice have been discounted by many who argue that with the spread of Islam and the resulting neglect by Muslims, Egyptian science and culture has been lost and left to die over time
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

  3. #3
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    In his book Egyptology: The Missing Millennium, Okasha El Daly essentially shows that this thesis
    is totally false and arrogant in its understanding of actual history. Through extensive research and the analysis of a number
    of texts and resources on the matter, the author provides
    evidence of the countless attempts by Muslim scholars
    to understand Egyptian language, culture and practices.
    He cites
    examples of the
    enormous range of studies carried out by Muslim
    Arabic writers in the Medieval Ages to truly understand
    the Egyptian heritage, especially their


    http://www.muslimheritage.com/upload...Millennium.jpg
    Figure 1: Front cover of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium. Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writings by Okasha El Daly (London: UCL Press, 2005).
    efforts to decipher the hieroglyph scripts and the nature of Egyptian state administration. Contrary to the common view that Muslims were against studying other
    traditions which fell against the
    principles of Islam, El Daly demonstrates that
    Muslims took great interest in this culture after the
    conquest of Egypt and showed their fascination by
    expending great effort to uncover the realities behind
    the myths and customs within the lands. The book
    covers the most significant features of this tradition
    of Muslim Egyptology, which are still part of today’s
    Egyptology, recounting in detail the interpretations of findings
    on aspects of Egyptian traditions such as treasure
    hunting, the process of mummification and state
    administration. El-Daly states that
    Last edited by elqurssan; 16-06-2009 at 12:40 PM.
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

  4. #4
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    "… El-Daly states that
    the sources show not only a keen interest, but also serious scholarship that seeks to understand and benefit from the study of Ancient Egypt." (p. 4

    The author systematically considers the historical approach taken to the study of Egyptology, discussing the currently held view held as well as the previous relevant works with the most recent being carried out in 2001, coming to the conclusion that no substantial work has been put forward analysing Ancient Egypt in the Arabic sources. He discusses in length the approach taken by Arabic writers to the study of Egyptology and how it differed from that of the Western approach. It can be seen that the Muslim observations from the time of first contact with Egypt through trading to the actual association were based on a sincere desire to get to know the culture and customs with major influences from the Qur’an and hadith which exhort appreciation of other nations and advice to establish relationships. The book also describes how Medieval Arab writers produced their works on Egypt through direct observation, discourses with Egyptian savants, classical sources, Jewish sources and other Arabic sources as well as giving background information on the topics discussed.



    Figure 2: Dr. Okasha El Daly with Professors Ekmeleddin Ihsanoǧlu and Salim Al-Hassani in New York on the occasion of the exhibition at the United Nations on Multi-Faith Scientists in Islamic Civilization (12-13 November 2008). © FSTC

    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...vilization.JPG


    The study clearly shows that the documents produced by the Islamic scholars of the time on Egyptology are still widely referred to today and help to gain a better understanding of the time with many still seeking manuals on treasure hunting in order to realise private gains. The importance of hidden treasures and their hunters to the Islamic state can best be seen in the example of the 9th century ruler of Egypt, Ibn Tulun:
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

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    Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic-5

    "… Ibn Tulun made the exploitations of these gold resources a state monopoly (Rabie 1972: 169) and decreed that nobody was to be allowed to dig anywhere without first seeking permission from the authorities and then being accompanied by a state official (Al-Balawi Sirat:195). This is perhaps the oldest official attempt to organise the profession of ‘Treasure Hunters’…" (p.

    34



    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...im_al_Saba.JPG


    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...tic_values.JPG

    their contributions to today’s studies through effective descriptions of
    monuments and successful archaeological explorations
    employing efficient methods developed by geographers
    such as Al-Hamadani. The Arabic scholars also shine in their great interest and sound efforts to decipher the Egyptian scripts,
    with the author criticising the lack of recognition and
    appreciation of these works:

    "Nowhere in recently published Egyptological literature do we see any recognition or
    investigation of the contributions made by
    medieval Arabic scholars to the decipherment
    of Egyptian scripts." (p. 57)


    He also states the artistic and religious reasons
    for Arab interest in ancient scripts arguing that
    Muslim artists were greatly inspired by Egyptian
    art as well as by the monuments of ancient Egypt.
    Another significant topic covered by El Daly includes
    the Islamic attitude to ancient Egyptian religion with
    the temple domain, role of magic, superstitious beliefs,
    deities and prophets and a number of important pilgrimage
    sites like Heliopolis discussed at length
    and the suggestion that the Egyptian
    religion influenced the development of Sufism
    in Islam is put forward.
    Mummification and burial
    practices
    were also of great interest to
    Arabic scholars with accurate
    descriptions produced of
    the process and details of the
    potential medical uses of
    natural mummia identified
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

  6. #6
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    Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic-6

    This study also brings to light the admiration
    and honouring of scientists of past civilisations by
    medieval Arab scholars with the Egyptian
    Thoth/Hermes given the credit as the
    originator of many of the sciences as argued by
    Ibn al-Nadim. El Daly states that the findings of
    Muslims on Egyptian scientific progress centuries
    ago are only now being considered by
    Egyptologists. He wrote:

    "The pioneering work of Ursula Sezgin (1994-)
    has shown
    that most of the Arab knowledge of ancient
    Egyptian scientific inventions is in fact based
    on actual sources from pre-Islamic Egypt, sometimes
    Hellenistic but some also pharaonic." (p. 119)

    The final element of Egyptology discussed by El Daly is
    the Egyptian kingship and administration resulting in the
    general view that the Muslim understanding varied
    considerably with that of the Western one
    as established in an analysis of Cleopatra who was
    regarded as ‘The Virtuous Scholar’ by Muslims in
    comparison to the over-ambitious image portrayed in the Greco-Roman sources. He concludes his study
    by summarising
    his main arguments which
    allow him to deduce:

    "It is clear from the Arabic sources that the study of ancient cultures was genuinely valued for knowledge and guidance, believing that all human history was one, albeit of different peoples living in different places…" (p. 139)

    El Daly based his study on a large number of sources
    ranging from the accounts of travellers and geographers
    to accounts of treasure hunters and books of alchemy, most of which are
    of Arabic origin and some have been carefully
    translated into English. The figures provided in the
    final section of the book enable the reader to fully
    comprehend the extent of effort
    exerted by Muslim
    scholars
    to grasp the Egyptian language,
    culture and way of life with maps,
    drawings of observations, use of
    Egyptian hieroglyph alphabet and
    descriptions of findings. Further, the
    finely organised appendices
    with summaries of the biographies of Arab
    writers, books used by
    Al-Idrisi and the primary
    Arabic sources used by Dr El Daly himself
    are nearly as interesting as the main text and
    leave no question in the
    minds of the readers so as to the authenticity
    of El Daly’s arguments
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

  7. #7
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    Although the book covers a very specific discipline and is generally addressed to those closely interested in Egyptology and Arabic Studies, it nevertheless provides an excellent resource showing the unceasing attempts by Muslims to make use of the knowledge inherited from the pre-Islamic cultures. It is a worthy read and a positive contribution to the understanding of the Islamic approach to science and knowledge.
    Figure 5: A stela of King Amenemhat II (ca 1928-1895 BCE) of the Twelfth Dynasty, as copied in Alu ‘l-Qasim al-Iraqi’s Al-Aqalim. Source: The British Library, MS Add 25724, folio 50a; reproduced in El-Daly, Egyptology: The Missing Millennium, figure 24


    2. About the Author
    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...105%23section2
    Okasha El Daly graduated in Egyptology from Cairo University. He gained his PhD in the same field with a groundbreaking study which showed the contributions made by medieval Muslim Arabic scholars in the proper study of Ancient Egyptian civilisation.

    He has been a museum worker and university teacher for more than three decades and is based in the UK. After several years in University College in London, he is presently the Director of Projects at the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) in Manchester.
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

  8. #8
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    3. Table of Contents
    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...105%23section3
    Preface vii
    Acknowledgements xi
    List of Figures xv
    Abbreviations and Notes xvii
    Conventions of Transliteration xix
    1 Introduction 1
    2 The making of an Interpretation Arabica of Ancient Egypt 9
    3 Treasure Hunting 31
    4 Medieval Arab Archaeological Methods and Descriptions 45
    5 Medieval Arab Attempts to Decipher Ancient Egyptian Scripts 57
    6 Medieval Arabic Concepts of Ancient Egyptian Religion 75
    7 Egyptian Mummia, Mummification and Burial Practices in Medieval Arabic Sources 95
    8 Egyptian Science in Medieval Arabic Sources 109
    9 Egyptian Kingship and State Administration 121
    10 Conclusions 139
    Figures 145
    Appendix 1: Biographies of Arab Writers 161
    Appendix 2: Books on Ancient Egypt Used by Al-Idrisi 183
    Appendix 3: Primary Arabic Sources 185
    Bibliography 195
    Index 22
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

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    4. Further resources
    http://www.maktoobblog.com/redirectL...105%23section4


    Further resources

    * El Daly, Okasha, Egyptology: The Missing Millennium. Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writings. London: UCL Press, 2005. Harcover, 230 pages, illustrated edition.
    * El-Daly, Okasha: article on www.MuslimHeritage.com: "Deciphering Egyptian Hieroglyphs in Muslim Heritage"

    The article surveys some results of Dr. Okasha El Daly’s exciting discoveries about the precedence of Muslim scholars of the golden age of Islamic culture in deciphering the hieroglyphs of Ancient Egypt. This ground breaking achievement was attributed until recently exclusively to Europeans scholars, and especially to Champollion.
    * El-Daly, Okasha:
    another article on www.MuslimHeritage.com: "Arabic Study of Ancient Egypt"
    In this article, Dr Okasha El-Daly presents a glimpse into the richness of Arabic sources and the breadth and depth of Muslim scholars’ interest in Ancient Egypt contrary to the widely held perceptions about Muslim lack of interest in the subject.

    * El-Daly, Okasha, and Starkey, Janet, editors, Desert Travellers from Herodotus to T E Lawrence. Published by The Association for the Study of Travel in Egypt and the Near East, 2000, Paperback, 233 pp.
    * FSTC, Okasha El-Daly Lectures at Leeds on Muslim Heritage in Our World

    The Leeds University Islamic Awareness Week organised by students invited Dr. Okasha El Daly to deliver the opening lecture on Monday 16th February 2009. Dr El-Daly, the Director of Projects of FSTC, lectured on "Muslim Heritage in Our World". He covered the sources of Islamic sciences and the interest Muslim scholars had in the ancient civilisations.

    *Reviewer, FSTC, Sydney, Australia
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعيإنتَبِهوا!فكثيراًمن الأمورالهامة البَعض يقع فيها بحُسن نيـِّة http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179459.html
    أى مُتنَصِر لا يساوى ثمن حذآئِهhttp://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t30078.html
    القساوسَة مَدعوون للإجابَة على الآتى
    http://www.ebnmaryam.com/vb/t179075.html
    مُغلَق للتَحديث

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Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writi

Review of Egyptology: The Missing Millennium Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writi