3. Heavenly promises of Muhammed and the Christ:
We read in Quran concerning the Christ that God prophesied the Virgin Mariam that she would give birth to the Messiah. The Quran says:
إذ قالت الملائكة يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ -سورة آل عمران 45
When the angels said: “O Maryam (Mary), Allah gives you the glad tidings of a word “Be!” – And he was! i.e. Isa (Jesus) the son of Maryam from Him, his name will be the Messiah Isa, the son of Maryam, held in honour in this world and in the hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to Allah.”
The Holy God Himself granted Maryam the glad tidings about the birth of the Messiah and called him : a word from him. All revered prophets listened to God’s word and reported it sincerely no matter how it cost them. As for the Messiah, he did not hear the revelation; rather he is the embodied God’s word and was bestowed by the dominance of the holy word with its creative, appealing, forgiving, consoling and renewing power. Hence, God announced in advance the birth of the Messiah to Maryam personally confirming to her the Grand Miracle. We never read in Quran about Muhammed that he was the embodied word of God, we only read that he received the revelation and reported it to his listeners. God did not bring the glad tidings to his mother Amena in person and did not breathe in his spirit in her. As for Maryam the Virgin, she was confronted by angel Gabriel sent by God and she accepted from him the Holy Spirit and became the chosen among women as the Quran says:
“و إذ قالت الملائكة: يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَاكِ وَطَهَّرَكِ وَاصْطَفَاكِ عَلَى نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ”- سورة آل عمران 42.
“And when the angels said: “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allahhas chosen you, purified you, and chosen you above the women of mankind and Jiinn”.
Her name was stated 34 times in Quran, while the name of Muhammed’s mother was not mentioned not even once in Quran.
There is no doubt concerning what the preacher said about the angels bringing happy tidings to Maryam about the Messiah’s birth as the preacher did not add naything more than what we read in Quran about him PBUH. Therefore, we will not stand before him; rather, we will move to what the preacher said later regarding Isa being God’s embodied word which nothing about it exist in Quran at all. If this was words by which the preacher expresses his belief in the Messiah, he would be free to believe in it; on the other hand if he attributes this to Quran, we should stand and stop him saying to him that he has made a terrible mistake as there exists no where in Quran that Isa PBUH is the embodied word of God. God in Islam cannot be embodied because there is nothing like Him. It is known that there are innumerable incalculable embodied things. Therefore, God does not resemble them and is not embodied in them. In addition, He almighty is the first, so there is nothing preceding Him and He is the last, so there is nothing following Him. As for embodied things they have beginning and end and their existence is limited and they are not the first or last thing. Moreover, his saying that Isa (according to what was stated in Quran) did not receive any revelation is an erroneous saying I do not where did he get it from. In Surat El-Nesaa, we read the words of Almighty God :
"إِنَّا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ كَمَا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَى نُوحٍ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالأَسْبَاطِ وَعِيسَى وَأَيُّوبَ وَيُونُسَ وَهَارُونَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ وَآَتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ زَبُورًا (163)"
Verily, We have sent the revelation to you (O Muhammed PBUH) as We sent the revelation to Nuh (Noah) and the prophets after him; We also sent the revelation to Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismail (Ishmael), Ishaq (Issac), Yaqub (Jacob) and Al-Asbat (the offspring of the twelve sons of Yaqub (Jacob), Isa (Jesus),Ayyub (Job), Yunis (Jonah), Harun (Aaron, and Sulaiman (Solomon); and to Dawud (David) we gave the Zabur (Psalms)
In this verse, we read that God sent revelation to Jesus as He sent it to Muhammed, Ibrahim, Ishaq, Jacob and Ayyoub …etc. this is similar to what almighty God said in Surat El-Maeda:
"وَقَفَّيْنَا عَلَى آَثَارِهِمْ بِعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَآَتَيْنَاهُ الإِنْجِيلَ فِيهِ هُدًى وَنُورٌ وَمُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَهُدًى وَمَوْعِظَةً لِلْمُتَّقِينَ (46)"
“And in their footsteps, We sent Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam, confirming the Taurat (Torah) that had come before him, and we gave him the injeel (Gospel), in which was guidance and light confirmation of the Taurat (Torah) that had come before it, a guidance and an admonition for for Al-Muttaqun (the pious).”
Therefore, God’s giving Isa the Gospel is in itselfHis revelation to him. If our preacher said that this was his belief, we would have relieved himself of the pledge and relieved us, but when he attributes something to Quran which is not actually in Quran this would be considered as Arabs used to say خرط القتاد i.e. eliminating prickly bushes by mere palms of hands. This is similar to Almighty God’s saying :
"وَلَقَدْ آَتَيْنَامُوسَى الْكِتَابَ وَقَفَّيْنَا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ بِالرُّسُلِ وَآَتَيْنَا عِيسَىابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَيَّدْنَاهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ" (البقرة/ 87(،
“And indeed, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a succession of messengers. And gave Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Holy spirit i.e. Jibrael (Gabriel)”
"إِذْ قَالَ اللَّهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ اذْكُرْ نِعْمَتِي عَلَيْكَ وَعَلىوَالِدَتِكَ إِذْ أَيَّدْتُكَ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ" (المائدة/ 110)،
“When Allah will say (on the day of resurrection) :”O Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Remember My Favour to you and to your mother when I supported you with Holy Spirit i.e Jibrael (Gabriel)”
God sent the Holy spirit i.e. Jibrael (Gabriel) to support Isa (Jesus) PBUH and this is similar to Almighty God saying in both Surat El-Nahl and Surat respectively about the Quran which he revealed it to Muhammed PBUH:
: "فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْآَنَ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ (98) إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُ سُلْطَانٌ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْيَتَوَكَّلُونَ (99) إِنَّمَا سُلْطَانُهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يَتَوَلَّوْنَهُوَالَّذِينَ هُمْ بِهِ مُشْرِكُونَ (100) وَإِذَا بَدَّلْنَا آَيَةً مَكَانَ آَيَةٍوَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يُنَزِّلُ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُفْتَرٍ بَلْأَكْثَرُهُمْ لا يَعْلَمُونَ (101) قُلْ نَزَّلَهُ رُوحُ الْقُدُسِ مِنْ رَبِّكَبِالْحَقِّ لِيُثَبِّتَ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَهُدًى وَبُشْرَى لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ (102)"،
“ So when you want to recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the outcast (the cursed one). Verily! He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (Allah). His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Satan) i.e. those who are polytheists. And when we change a verse (of the Quran) in place of another- and Allah knows best what He sends down- they (the disbelievers) say: “You (O Muhammed PBUH) are but a forger (liar. “Nay, but most of them know not.”
"وَإِنَّهُ لَتَنْزِيلُ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ (192) نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُالأَمِينُ (193) عَلَى قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنْذِرِينَ (194)".
“ And truly, this (the Quran) is a revelation from the Lord of Alalmin (mankind, Jinn and all that exists), which the trustworthy Ruh (Jibril i.e. Gabriel) has brought down, upon your heart (O Muhammed PBUH) that you may be one of the warners.
Undoubtedly, Quran allocation of a whole Surat in it for Maryam (Mary) PBUH and not allocating a similar surat for the mother of the holy messenger nor any of his wives is an indisputable and irrefutable evidence that he is indeed and truly a messenger of God of mankind. Otherwise, the whole matter will turn into a brutal competition, so he would have covered the mentioning of Maryam and would make instead of it a fame for his wives and mother , so how great is the Holy prophet!
Thus, all that the preacher based on this is absolutely rejected by us in content and in form as the supremacy, ability and his creating power was not embodied in Isa at all because he PBUH in Quran is no more than a slave and a messenger. However, if he had healed the blind and cured the leper and revived the dead, then we do not refute this but the Quran is crystal clear about this and did not leave it loose when he said that he did what he did by God’s permission (will) rather than his own. In addition, the Quran confirmed that he is quite helpless and cannot help himself or others except by the will of God. Furthermore, other prophets had made miracles as he did; rather, He almighty magnificent God would make him stand before Him (God) on Judgment Day and would ask him as He (God) would ask all his worshippers. Then he would try to disown the great sin committed by some humans when they forgot or neglected the fact that he was a servant (a worshipper) and they made him a deity. It was stated in Surat El-Maeda:
"لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّاللَّهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ قُلْ فَمَنْ يَمْلِكُ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًاإِنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُهْلِكَ الْمَسِيحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَأُمَّهُ وَمَنْ فِيالأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَايخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ (17)"،
Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allâh is the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary). Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) "Who then has the least power against Allâh, if He were to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?" And to Allâh belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And Allâh is Able to do all things.
"لَقَدْ كَفَرَالَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَقَالَالْمَسِيحُ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ إِنَّهُمَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَأْوَاهُالنَّارُ وَمَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ أَنْصَارٍ (72)
Surely, they have disbelieved who say: "Allâh is the Messiah ('Isâ (Jesus)) son of Maryam (Mary)." But the Messiah ('Isâ (Jesus)) said: "O Children of Israel! Worship Allâh, my Lord and your Lord." Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allâh, then Allâh has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers.
لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَقَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلاثَةٍ وَمَا مِنْ إِلَهٍ إِلاّ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌوَإِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهُوا عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ لَيَمَسَّنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوامِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ (73)
Surely, disbelievers are those who said: "Allâh is the third of the three (in a Trinity)." But there is no Iilâh (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilâh (God -Allâh). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall on the disbelievers among them.
أَفَلا يَتُوبُونَ إِلَى اللَّهِوَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَهُ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ (74)
“Will they not turn with repentance to Allâh and ask His Forgiveness? For Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
مَا الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَإِلاَّ رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ وَأُمُّهُ صِدِّيقَةٌ كَانَايَأْكُلانِ الطَّعَامَ انْظُرْ كَيْفَ نُبَيِّنُ لَهُمُ الآَيَاتِ ثُمَّ انْظُرْأَنَّى يُؤْفَكُونَ (75)
“The Messiah ('Isâ (Jesus)) son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother (Maryam (Mary)) was a Siddiqah (i.e. she believed in the words of Allâh and His Books (see Verse 66:12)). They both used to eat food (as any other human being, while Allâh does not eat). Look how We make the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away (from the truth).”
قُلْ أَتَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لا يَمْلِكُلَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلا نَفْعًا وَاللَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ (76)
“Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him) to mankind): "How do you worship besides Allâh something which has no power either to harm or to benefit you? But it is Allâh Who is the All-Hearer, All-Knower."
قُلْ يَاأَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ غَيْرَ الْحَقِّ وَلا تَتَّبِعُواأَهْوَاءَ قَوْمٍ قَدْ ضَلُّوا مِنْ قَبْلُ وَأَضَلُّوا كَثِيرًا وَضَلُّوا عَنْسَوَاءِ السَّبِيلِ (77)"،
“Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) "O people of the s c r i p t ure (Jews and Christians)! Exceed not the limits in your religion (by believing in something) other than the truth, and do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray in times gone by, and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path."
"وَإِذْ قَالَ اللَّهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَأَأَنْتَ قُلْتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُونِي وَأُمِّيَ إِلَهَيْنِ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِقَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِحَقٍّ إِنْكُنْتُ قُلْتُهُ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِي وَلا أَعْلَمُ مَا فِينَفْسِكَ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ عَلاّمُ الْغُيُوبِ (116)
“And (remember) when Allâh will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O 'Isâ (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: 'Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allâh?' " He will say: "Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, you would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours; truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden (and unseen).”
مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِلاّ مَاأَمَرْتَنِي بِهِ أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ وَكُنْتُ عَلَيْهِمْشَهِيدًا مَا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنْتَ أَنْتَ الرَّقِيبَعَلَيْهِمْ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ (117)
"Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allâh) did command me to say: 'Worship Allâh, my Lord and your Lord.' And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them; and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world).”
إِنْ تُعَذِّبْهُمْفَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ وَإِنْ تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُالْحَكِيمُ (118)".
"If You punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."
In the surats of “Maryam “ and El-Zokhrof” we read respectively:
"قَالَ إِنِّيعَبْدُ اللَّهِ آَتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا (سورة مريم -30)
"He ('Iesa (Jesus)) said: Verily I am a slave of Allâh, He has given me the s c r i p t ure and made me a Prophet;"
وَجَعَلَنِيمُبَارَكًا أَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُوَأَوْصَانِي بِالصَّلاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا (31)
"And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me Salât (prayer), and Zakât(give charity or alms), as long as I live."
وَبَرًّا بِوَالِدَتِي وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنِي جَبَّارًا شَقِيًّا (32)
"And dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest.”
وَالسَّلامُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدْتُ وَيَوْمَ أَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ أُبْعَثُ حَيًّا (33)
"And Salâm (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!"
ذَلِكَ عيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ قَوْلَ الْحَقِّ الَّذِي فِيهِ يَمْتَرُونَ (34)
Such is 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). (It is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt (or dispute).
مَا كَانَ لِلَّهِ أَنْ يَتَّخِذَ مِنْ وَلَدٍ سُبْحَانَهُ إِذَا قَضَى أَمْرًافَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ (35)
It befits not (the Majesty of) Allâh that He should beget a son (this refers to the slander of Christians against Allâh, by saying that 'Iesa (Jesus) is the son of Allâh). Glorified (and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When He decrees a thing, He only says to it, "Be!" - and it is.
وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْفَاعْبُدُوهُ هَذَا صِرَاطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ (36)"،
('Iesa (Jesus) said): "And verily Allâh is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allâh's religion of Islâmic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His Prophets)." (Tafsir At-Tabarî).”
"وَلَمَّا ضُرِبَ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَمَثَلاً إِذَا قَوْمُكَ مِنْهُ يَصِدُّونَ (57)
And when the son of Maryam (Mary) is quoted as an example (i.e. 'Isâ (Jesus) is worshipped like their idols), behold, your people cry aloud (laugh out at the example).
وَقَالُوا أَآَلِهَتُنَا خَيْرٌأَمْ هُوَ مَا ضَرَبُوهُ لَكَ إِلاّ جَدَلاً بَلْ هُمْ قَوْمٌ خَصِمُونَ (58)
“And say: "Are our âliha (gods) better or is he ('Isâ (Jesus))" They quoted not the above example except for argument. Nay! But they are a quarrelsome people.”
إِنْهُوَ إِلاّ عَبْدٌ أَنْعَمْنَا عَلَيْهِ وَجَعَلْنَاهُ مَثَلاً لِبَنِيإِسْرَائِيلَ (59)
He ('Isâ (Jesus)) was not more than a slave. We granted Our Favor to him, and We made him an example for the Children of Israel (i.e. his creation without a father).
وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَجَعَلْنَا مِنْكُمْ مَلائِكَةً فِي الأَرْضِيَخْلُفُونَ (60)
And if it were Our Will, We would have (destroyed you (mankind) all, and) made angels to replace you on the earth.
وَإِنَّهُ لَعِلْمٌ لِلسَّاعَةِ فَلا تَمْتَرُنَّ بِهَاوَاتَّبِعُونِ هَذَا صِرَاطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ (61)
And he ('Isâ (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)) shall be a known sign for (the coming of) the Hour (Day of Resurrection) (i.e. 'Isâ's (Jesus) descent on the earth). Therefore have no doubt concerning it (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And follow Me (Allâh) (i.e. be obedient to Allâh and do what He orders you to do, O mankind)! This is the Straight Path (of Islâmic Monotheism, leading to Allâh and to His Paradise).
وَلا يَصُدَّنَّكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُإِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ (62)
And let not Shaitân (Satan) hinder you (from the right religion, i.e. Islâmic Monotheism), Verily, he (Satan) to you is a plain enemy.
وَلَمَّا جَاءَ عِيسَى بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ قَالَقَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَلأُبَيِّنَ لَكُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِي تَخْتَلِفُونَفِيهِ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ (63)
And when 'Isâ (Jesus) came with (Our) clear Proofs, he said: "I have come to you with Al-Hikmah (Prophethood), and in order to make clear to you some of the (points) in which you differ. Therefore fear Allâh and obey me.
“إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْفَاعْبُدُوهُ هَذَا صِرَاطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ" (64(
"Verily, Allâh! He is my Lord (God) and your Lord (God). So worship Him (Alone). This is the (only) Straight Path (i.e. Allâh's religion of true Islâmic Monotheism)."