Why were there not any women prophets

آخـــر الـــمـــشـــاركــــات


مـواقـع شـقــيـقـة
شبكة الفرقان الإسلامية شبكة سبيل الإسلام شبكة كلمة سواء الدعوية منتديات حراس العقيدة
البشارة الإسلامية منتديات طريق الإيمان منتدى التوحيد مكتبة المهتدون
موقع الشيخ احمد ديدات تليفزيون الحقيقة شبكة برسوميات المرصد الإسلامي لمقاومة التنصير
غرفة الحوار الإسلامي المسيحي مكافح الشبهات شبكة الحقيقة الإسلامية موقع الدعوة الإسلامية
شبكة البهائية فى الميزان شبكة الأحمدية فى الميزان مركز براهين شبكة ضد الإلحاد

يرجى عدم تناول موضوعات سياسية حتى لا تتعرض العضوية للحظر

 

       

         

 

    

 

 

    

 

Why were there not any women prophets

Results 1 to 4 of 4

Thread: Why were there not any women prophets

  1. #1
    فداء الرسول's Avatar
    فداء الرسول is offline رحمك الله يا سمية
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    11,670
    Religion
    Islam
    Gender
    Female
    Last Activity
    03-12-2016
    At
    01:32 AM

    Default Why were there not any women prophets






    A Brief Description of the Question:


    Why were there not any women prophets? Why did Allah choose prophets among men?




    The Answer:


    - The people who were regarded reliable by people and who had all of the properties of leaders throughout history have been men. Therefore, the people to lead communities might have been chosen among men.

    - Prophethood is a lofty position of leadership and guidance. It is necessary to be away from sentimentality, to be shrewd, to act based on reason, to be dignified, etc for prophethood. This is the reason why prophets were chosen among men and civilized people. For, sentimentality is dominant in women and harshness and impatience are dominant in nomadic people. (see Ibn Kathir, Qurtubi, interpretation of verse 12 of Yusuf (12/109))


    The translation of the verse related to the issue is as follows: “Nor did We send before thee (as Messengers) any but men, whom We did inspire― (men) living in human habitations.” (Yusuf, 12/109)


    - To sum up, it is a known fact that men have been stronger than women and that women are weaker than men throughout history. It is appropriate in terms of this fact that the duty of prophethood, which requires a strong personality, was given to men. (cf Ibn Ashur, the interpretation of the relevant verse)


    - Women are heroes of compassion, which shows that their emotional aspect overweighs. However, reason rather than emotion needs to be dominant for prophethood, which is involved with a high level of guidance. People can be ruled only by reason.


    It is significant that prophets were chose among men from this point of view too.- However, the wives of the Prophet (pbuh), especially Hz. Aisha, played an important role in spreading the message of Hz. Muhammad’s prophethood. The role played by Hz. Khadija in eliminating the panic of Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) at the night he was given the duty of prophethood cannot be overlooked. It is known that hundreds of thousands of women attained the rank of sainthood in the ummah of Islam.


    So, the reason why prophets were not chosen among women is not that their spiritual level lacks but is that women are not dominant in terms of social relations in humanity.- Nevertheless, according to some scholars Hz. Maryam, Hz. Musa’s mother, The Pharaoh's wife Asiya and Hz. Hawwa are prophets though the majority of scholars do not accept this view. (Qurtubi, Ibn Kathir, ibid)


    questionsonislam.com/
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي

    تحمَّلتُ وحديَ مـا لا أُطيـقْ من الإغترابِ وهَـمِّ الطريـقْ
    اللهم اني اسالك في هذه الساعة ان كانت جوليان في سرور فزدها في سرورها ومن نعيمك عليها . وان كانت جوليان في عذاب فنجها من عذابك وانت الغني الحميد برحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين

  2. #2
    فداء الرسول's Avatar
    فداء الرسول is offline رحمك الله يا سمية
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    11,670
    Religion
    Islam
    Gender
    Female
    Last Activity
    03-12-2016
    At
    01:32 AM

    Default

    There were no female Prophets or Messengers – discussion of the wisdom behind that


    Why were all the Prophets of Judaism, Christianity and Islam men? Why were there no women Prophets? Why did they have to be male?.

    Praise be to Allaah.
    Firstly:The Muslim does not hesitate to believe in the great wisdom of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, in all that He does. One of His names is al-Hakeem (the Most Wise) and one of his attributes is hikmah (wisdom).Allah, may He be exalted, has decreed that one of the attributes of the Messengers is masculinity. Some of the scholars stated that there was consensus on this point. And there is the greatest wisdom behind that.Shaykh ‘Umar al-Ashqar (may Allah preserve him) said:Another aspect of the perfection that Allah granted is that He chose all the Messengers whom He sent from among men. He did not send any Messenger from among women. This exclusivity is indicated by the verse in which Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And We sent not before you (O Muhammad SAW) but men to whom We inspired” [al-Anbiya’ 21:7].The Messengers were men and not women for reasons which were dictated by the nature of their task. For example:1.The role of Messenger requires a great many tasks to be performed: addressing men and women, meeting people in secret and openly, moving throughout the land, confronting liars and establishing proof against them and debating with them, preparing and leading armies, and going through the sufferings of war. All of that is suitable for men but not for women.2.The role of the Messenger demands that the Messenger should be in charge of those who follow him, so he issues commands and prohibitions to his followers, and he rules and judges among them. If a woman were entrusted with such tasks, she would not be able to do them properly, and there would be people who would refuse to follow and obey her.3.Masculinity is more perfect. Hence Allah has given the role of responsibility to men over women:“Men are the protectors and maintainers of women” [an-Nisa’ 4:34].And the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said that women are lacking in reason and religious commitment.4.Women have to cope with things that prevent them from doing many tasks, such as menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and nifaas (bleeding following childbirth), which is accompanied by psychological stresses and pains, in addition to the care that is required by the child. All of that prevents her from being able to fulfil the role of Messenger and carrying out its duties.(p. 84-85)Secondly:With regard to Prophethood, some of the scholars – such as Abu’l-Hasan al-Ash‘ari, al-Qurtubi and Ibn Hazm – were of the view that there were some female Prophets! including Maryam bint ‘Imraan. Their evidence is the verses in which it says that Allah, may He be exalted, sent revelation to the mother of Moosa, for example, and what it says about the angels speaking to Maryam (peace be upon her), and also what it says about Allah, may He be exalted, having chosen her above the women of the world.What they said does not seem to be correct.Shaykh ‘Umar al-Ashqar (may Allah preserve him) said:What they say cannot be taken as proof of the Prophethood of women. They Their view may be refuted from several angles:1.We do not accept their view that the Prophet is not commanded to convey the message, to teach and to mix with people. Our view is that there is no difference between a Prophet and the Messenger in this regard; the differences that are Prophet is sent with the laws of the Messenger who came before him.If this is the case, then the reasons why a woman Messenger cannot be sent apply also to the sending of a woman Prophet. There are many reasons which make will be incapable of playing the role of the Prophet.2.The revelation sent by Allah to these women, the mother of Moosa and Aasiyah, happened in the form of dreams. We know that dreams may form a part of revelation, and that this may happen to people other than the Prophets.3.We do not accept their view that everyone who is addressed by the Angels is a Prophet. In the hadeeth it says that Allah sent an angel to a man who was visiting one of his brothers in faith in another town. He asked him why he was visiting him, and when he said that he loved him for the sake of Allah, he (the angel) told him that Allah had sent him to tell him that He loved him. And the story of the bald man, the leper and the blind man is well known. Jibreel (Grabriel) came to teach the Sahaabah (the companions of the Prophet) about their religion by questioning the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and the Sahaabah witnessed and heard that.4.They cannot quote as evidence the texts which say that Allah chose Maryam, for Allah clearly states that He has chosen people other than the Prophets:“Then We gave the Book (the Quran) for inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammad SAW). Then of them are some who wrong their ownselves, and of them are some who follow a middle course, and of them are some who are, by Allahs Leave, foremost in good deeds…”[Faatir 35:32].He chose the family of Ibraaheem and the family of ‘Imraan over mankind and the jinn, and among their families are undoubtedly people who are not Prophets:“Allah chose Adam, Nooh (Noah), the family of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the family of Imran above the Alameen (mankind and jinns) (of their times)”[Aal ‘Imraan 3:33].5.The word perfection mentioned in the hadeeth, which they used as evidence, does not necessarily imply Prophethood, because it may be applied to the perfection of completion of anything and reaching the highest level in some respect. What is meant is women who attained perfection in all the virtues that apply to women: heads perfection here is not the perfection of the Prophets.6.In some hadeeths it is clearly stated that Khadeejah was one of the perfect women. This clearly shows that perfection here is not the perfection of Prophethood.See the relevant hadeeths with their commentary in the answer to question no. 71817.In some hadeeths it is clearly stated that Faatimah will be the leader of the women of the people of Paradise, apart from Maryam the daughter of ‘Imraan. This rules out the Prophethood of women other than Maryam, such as the mother of Moosa and ‘Aasiyah, because Faatimah was definitely not a Prophet. This hadeeth clearly states that she is superior to other women, and if the mother of Moosa and ‘Aasiyah were Prophets they would be superior to Faatimah.8.Maryam is described as being a siddeeqah (truthful) in the context of raising her and describing her virtues. Allah, may He be exalted, says:“The Messiah (Iesa (Jesus)), son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother (Maryam (Mary)) was a Siddiqah (i.e. she believed in the words of Allah and His Books). They both used to eat food (as any other human being, while Allah does not eat)…”[al-Maa’idah 5:75].If there were any higher description, it would have been mentioned, but there is no mention in the Qur’aan or in the saheeh hadeeths of the Prophet that any women were Prophets.Al-Qaadi ‘Iyyaad narrated from a group of scholars that Maryam was not the Prophet. An-Nawawi said in al-Adkhaar that Imam al-Haramayn narrated that there was consensus on the point that Maryam was not a Prophet. In Sharh al-Muhadhdhab it was attributed to a group of scholars, and al-Hasan al-Basri was quoted as saying that there are no Prophets along women or the jinn.End quote from ar-Rusul wa’r-Risaalaat [available in English under the title: The Messengers and the Messages in the Light of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, by ‘Umar S. al-Ashqar]And Allah knows best.

    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي

    تحمَّلتُ وحديَ مـا لا أُطيـقْ من الإغترابِ وهَـمِّ الطريـقْ
    اللهم اني اسالك في هذه الساعة ان كانت جوليان في سرور فزدها في سرورها ومن نعيمك عليها . وان كانت جوليان في عذاب فنجها من عذابك وانت الغني الحميد برحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين

  3. #3
    فداء الرسول's Avatar
    فداء الرسول is offline رحمك الله يا سمية
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    11,670
    Religion
    Islam
    Gender
    Female
    Last Activity
    03-12-2016
    At
    01:32 AM

    Default

    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي

    تحمَّلتُ وحديَ مـا لا أُطيـقْ من الإغترابِ وهَـمِّ الطريـقْ
    اللهم اني اسالك في هذه الساعة ان كانت جوليان في سرور فزدها في سرورها ومن نعيمك عليها . وان كانت جوليان في عذاب فنجها من عذابك وانت الغني الحميد برحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين

  4. #4
    فداء الرسول's Avatar
    فداء الرسول is offline رحمك الله يا سمية
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    11,670
    Religion
    Islam
    Gender
    Female
    Last Activity
    03-12-2016
    At
    01:32 AM

    Default

    Some scholars say that there were never any female prophets, and their reason is that a prophet is a “perfect” human being, while women—according to them—could never be perfect! Typical of such opinions is Imam Ibn Kathir’s opinion in his commentary on the Qur’an ( Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Vol.2, p.497). Imam Al-Shawkani even said that there is “consensus” (ijma’) amongst scholars over that opinion in hisFath Al-Qadeer, Vol.4, p.159.

    However, this opinion simply might not be true. A number of renowned scholars have demonstrated that there were female prophets, as there were male prophets; although they did have different opinions on whom to include and the related justification.

    For example, Imam Al-Qurtubi, in his famous commentary, explained that in principle there is nothing against sending female prophets, similar to sending male prophets. He based his opinion on numerous verses in the Qur’an that mentionedwahi (revelations) sent to women, similar to the same word wahi that was used with revelations sent to men.

    Imam Al-Qurtubi cited the following verses from the chapter in the Qur’an named after Maryam (Mary, the mother of Jesus) to support his opinion and which means:
    *{And mention Maryam in the Book when she drew aside from her family to an eastern place; So she took a veil [to screen herself] from them; then We sent to her Our spirit, and there appeared to her a well-made man. She said: Surely I fly for refuge from you to the Beneficent Allah, if you are one guarding (against evil). He said: I am only a messenger of your Lord: That I will give you a pure boy}* (Maryam 19:16-19).
    However, according to Imam Al-Qurtubi’s sources, he was only for the opinion of Maryam’s prophethood and had not confirmed evidence for the prophethood of any other woman (Al-Qurtubi, Al-Tafseer, vol. 4, p. 83).

    Nevertheless, several other scholars included other women in the rank of prophets and discussed differences among scholars regarding that. These women are: Asia (Pharoah’s wife), Hawaa (Eve, Prophet Adam’s wife), Sarah (Prophet Ibrahim’s wife) and Yuhanz (Prophet Moses’ mother). For more details given by scholars who supported this opinion, refer to Imam Al-Razi, the famous commentator of the Qur’an, in his Al-Durr Al-Mukhtaar (vol. 5, p. 441), Imam Al-Suyuti, an authority in the sciences of the Qur’an, in his, Al-Ashbaah Wal-Naza’ir (vol. 1, p. 240), Imam Al-Kamal Ibn Al-Humaam, a principal Hanafi scholar, whose opinion is mentioned inHusn Al-Uswah by Muhammad Siddiq Khan (vol. 1, p. 591), and Imam Al-Mubarkafuri in his Tuhfat Al-Ahwathi (vol. 5, p. 460), who actually cited the same verses from the chapter named “The Prophets” (Al-Anbiyaa’), which you referred to in your question.

    Therefore, saying there is a “consensus” that in Islam women cannot be prophets is not accurately true. And the claim that there could be no “perfect” woman, that is human perfection, is contrary to the general Islamic principles of equality between men and women, as well as the authentic hadith, in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,

    “Were made ‘perfect’ among women ( kamula mena-an-nisaa’i): Maryam, Asia, Khadeejah, and Fatimah.”

    By the way, this hadith was one of the principle evidences that Imam Al-Qurtubi and others used to support their opinion regarding female prophets.

    It is time to correct the general misperception that no single woman, however excellent she might be, could be equivalent to men in carrying major responsibilities and leading people in the way of good deeds. Allah Almighty says in the Qur’an what means:
    *{And Allah sets forth, as an example to those who believe, the wife of Pharaoh: Behold she said: "O my Lord! Build for me, in nearness to Thee, a mansion in the Garden, and save me from Pharaoh and his doings, and save me from those that do wrong"; And Mary the daughter of Imran...}* (Al-Tahrim 66:11-12).
    It is true that there are differences between women and men in the Islamic law, but these differences are not in principal rights and obligations. They are due to the distribution of responsibilities in the family according to men’s and women’s natural roles, and other differences. However, these rulings should not be interpreted to imply that Islam enforces a “natural” inferiority of women or that no single woman could be a capable leader and guide, especially if Allah names a whole chapter in the Qur’an after her and sets her as an example to all believers—men and women.

    I hope that I have answered your question.

    Thank you, and please keep in touch.

    Salam. Some scholars say that there were never any female prophets, and their reason is that a prophet is a “perfect” human being, while women—according to them—could never be perfect! Typical of such opinions is Imam Ibn Kathir’s opinion in his commentary on the Qur’an ( Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Vol.2, p.497). Imam Al-Shawkani even said that there is “consensus” (ijma’) amongst scholars over that opinion in hisFath Al-Qadeer, Vol.4, p.159.

    However, this opinion simply might not be true. A number of renowned scholars have demonstrated that there were female prophets, as there were male prophets; although they did have different opinions on whom to include and the related justification.

    For example, Imam Al-Qurtubi, in his famous commentary, explained that in principle there is nothing against sending female prophets, similar to sending male prophets. He based his opinion on numerous verses in the Qur’an that mentionedwahi (revelations) sent to women, similar to the same word wahi that was used with revelations sent to men.

    Imam Al-Qurtubi cited the following verses from the chapter in the Qur’an named after Maryam (Mary, the mother of Jesus) to support his opinion and which means:
    *{And mention Maryam in the Book when she drew aside from her family to an eastern place; So she took a veil [to screen herself] from them; then We sent to her Our spirit, and there appeared to her a well-made man. She said: Surely I fly for refuge from you to the Beneficent Allah, if you are one guarding (against evil). He said: I am only a messenger of your Lord: That I will give you a pure boy}* (Maryam 19:16-19).
    However, according to Imam Al-Qurtubi’s sources, he was only for the opinion of Maryam’s prophethood and had not confirmed evidence for the prophethood of any other woman (Al-Qurtubi, Al-Tafseer, vol. 4, p. 83).

    Nevertheless, several other scholars included other women in the rank of prophets and discussed differences among scholars regarding that. These women are: Asia (Pharoah’s wife), Hawaa (Eve, Prophet Adam’s wife), Sarah (Prophet Ibrahim’s wife) and Yuhanz (Prophet Moses’ mother). For more details given by scholars who supported this opinion, refer to Imam Al-Razi, the famous commentator of the Qur’an, in his Al-Durr Al-Mukhtaar (vol. 5, p. 441), Imam Al-Suyuti, an authority in the sciences of the Qur’an, in his, Al-Ashbaah Wal-Naza’ir (vol. 1, p. 240), Imam Al-Kamal Ibn Al-Humaam, a principal Hanafi scholar, whose opinion is mentioned inHusn Al-Uswah by Muhammad Siddiq Khan (vol. 1, p. 591), and Imam Al-Mubarkafuri in his Tuhfat Al-Ahwathi (vol. 5, p. 460), who actually cited the same verses from the chapter named “The Prophets” (Al-Anbiyaa’), which you referred to in your question.

    Therefore, saying there is a “consensus” that in Islam women cannot be prophets is not accurately true. And the claim that there could be no “perfect” woman, that is human perfection, is contrary to the general Islamic principles of equality between men and women, as well as the authentic hadith, in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,

    “Were made ‘perfect’ among women ( kamula mena-an-nisaa’i): Maryam, Asia, Khadeejah, and Fatimah.”

    By the way, this hadith was one of the principle evidences that Imam Al-Qurtubi and others used to support their opinion regarding female prophets.

    It is time to correct the general misperception that no single woman, however excellent she might be, could be equivalent to men in carrying major responsibilities and leading people in the way of good deeds. Allah Almighty says in the Qur’an what means:
    *{And Allah sets forth, as an example to those who believe, the wife of Pharaoh: Behold she said: "O my Lord! Build for me, in nearness to Thee, a mansion in the Garden, and save me from Pharaoh and his doings, and save me from those that do wrong"; And Mary the daughter of Imran...}* (Al-Tahrim 66:11-12).
    It is true that there are differences between women and men in the Islamic law, but these differences are not in principal rights and obligations. They are due to the distribution of responsibilities in the family according to men’s and women’s natural roles, and other differences. However, these rulings should not be interpreted to imply that Islam enforces a “natural” inferiority of women or that no single woman could be a capable leader and guide, especially if Allah names a whole chapter in the Qur’an after her and sets her as an example to all believers—men and women.

    I hope that I have answered your question.

    Thank you, and please keep in touch.

    Salam.
    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي

    تحمَّلتُ وحديَ مـا لا أُطيـقْ من الإغترابِ وهَـمِّ الطريـقْ
    اللهم اني اسالك في هذه الساعة ان كانت جوليان في سرور فزدها في سرورها ومن نعيمك عليها . وان كانت جوليان في عذاب فنجها من عذابك وانت الغني الحميد برحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين

Why were there not any women prophets

Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

Similar Threads

  1. Women in Islam versus versus Women in the Judaeo-Christian
    By فداء الرسول in forum Slanders Refutation
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 17-07-2014, 02:05 AM
  2. Replies: 6
    Last Post: 15-06-2014, 07:16 AM
  3. Women in Islam VS Women in the Judeo-Christian Tradition
    By فداء الرسول in forum English Forum
    Replies: 24
    Last Post: 06-06-2014, 04:47 PM
  4. Stories of the Prophets
    By نعيم الزايدي in forum English Forum
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 12-05-2012, 12:33 AM
  5. Why many Women converting to Islam - The status of women between Bible and Quran
    By *the truth in forum Following Up With New Muslims
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 15-04-2011, 05:25 PM

Tags for this Thread

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  

Why were there not any women prophets

Why were there not any women prophets