Tawheed In Islam

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Tawheed In Islam

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    Tawheed In Islam

    Islam believes in Tawheed which is not merely monotheism .

    belief in one God.

    Tawheed literally means unification i.e. asserting oneness and is derived from the Arabic



    ********

    Tawheed can be divided into three categories.


    1. Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah

    2. Tawheed al-Asmaa-was-Sifaat

    3. Tawheed al-Ibaadah.


    ******

    Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah

    The first category is Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah.

    Ruboobeeyah is derived from the root verb "Rabb" meaning Lord, Sustainer and Cherisher.


    Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah (maintaining the unity of Lordship)


    Therefore Tawheed-ar-Ruboobeeyah means maintaining the unity of Lordship. This category is based on the fundamental concept that Allah (swt) alone caused all things to exist when there was nothing.

    He created or originated all that exists out of nothing. He alone is the sole Creator, Cherisher, and Sustainer of the complete universe and all between it, without any need from it or for it


    *******

    Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat

    The second category is Tawheed al Asmaa was Sifaat which means maintaining the unity of Allahs name and attributes.

    This category is divided into five aspects:



    Allah should be referred to as described by Him and His Prophet

    Allah must be referred to according to the manner in which He and His prophet have described Him without explaining His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meanings.



    Allah must be referred to as He has referred to Himself


    Allah must be referred to without giving Him any new names or attributes. For example Allah may not be given the name Al-Ghaadib (the Angry One), despite the fact that He has said that He gets angry, because neither Allah nor His messenger have used this name.


    Allah is referred to without giving Him the attributes of His creation


    In a reference to God, we should strictly abstain from giving Him the attributes of those whom He has created. For instance in the Bible, God is portrayed as repenting for His bad thoughts in the same way as humans do when they realise their errors. This is completely against the principle of Tawheed. God does not commit any mistakes or errors and therefore never needs to repent.


    The key principle when dealing with Allahs attributes is given in the Quran in Surah Ash-Shura:


    "There is nothing Whatever like unto Him, And He is the One That hears and sees (all things)."

    [Al-Quran 42:11]


    Hearing and seeing are human faculties.
    However, when attributed to the Divine Being they are without comparison, in their perfection, unlike when associated with humans who require ears, eyes, etc. and who are limited in their sight and hearing in terms of space, time, capacity, etc.



    Gods creation should not be given any of His attributes


    To refer to a human with the attribute of God is also against the principle of Tawheed. For example, referring to a person as one who has no beginning or end (eternal).


    Allahs name cannot be given to His creatures


    Some Divine names in the indefinite form, like Raoof or Raheem are permissible names for men as Allah has used them for Prophets; but Ar-Raoof (the Most Pious) and Ar-Raheem (the most Merciful) can only be used if prefixed by Abd meaning slave of or servant of i.e. Abdur-Raoof or Abdur-Raheem. Similarly Abdur-Rasool (slave of the Messenger) or Abdun-Nabee (slave of the Prophet) are forbidden.


    *********

    Tawheed al-Ibaadah


    Tawheed al-Ibaadah means maintaining the unity of worship or Ibaadah. Ibaadah is derived from Arabic word Abd meaning slave or servant. Thus Ibaadah means servitude and worship.


    All three categories to be followed simultaneously.


    Only believing in the first two categories of Tawheed without implementing Tawheed-al-Ibaadah is useless.

    The Quran gives the examples of Mushrikeens (idolaters) of the Prophets time who confirmed the first two aspects of Tawheed. It is mentioned in the Quran:


    "Say: Who is it that Sustains you (in life) From the sky and from the earth? Or who is it that Has power over hearing And sight? And who Is it that brings out The living from the dead And the dead from the living? And who is it that Rules and regulates all affairs? They will soon say, Allah. Say, Will you not then Show piety (to Him)?

    " [Al-Quran 10:31]


    A similar example is repeated in Surah Zukhruf of the Glorious Quran:

    "If thou ask them, Who Created them, they will Certainly say, Allah: how Then are they deluded Away (from the Truth)?"

    [Al-Quran 43:87]


    The pagan Meccans knew that Allah (swt) was their Creator, Sustainer, Lord and Master.

    Yet they were not Muslims because they also worshipped other gods besides Allah. Allah (swt) categorised them as Kuffaar (disbelievers) and Mushrikeen (idol worshippers and those who associate partners with God).


    "And most of them Believe not in Allah Without associating (others As partners) with Him!"

    [Al-Quran 12:106]


    Thus Tawheed al-Ibaadah i.e. maintaining the unity of worship is the most important aspect of Tawheed.

    Allah alone deserves worship and He alone can grant benefit to man for his worship.



    Source : Material to be Referred for the knowledge of Islam by Dr. ZAKIR NAIK






    Last edited by ; 09-06-2015 at 10:35 AM.

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    May Allah reward you well


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    May Allah reward you well

    Amen And to you


    Last edited by ; 09-06-2015 at 03:51 PM.

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Tawheed In Islam

Tawheed In Islam