Rationale for Inviting Non-Muslims to Tawhid


By

Dr. Norlain Dindang

(Note: The Author is now using her real family name instead of her husbands family name (Mababaya) in conformity with Islamic value, where woman in Islam retains her real family name even after marriage.)


There are three categories of Tawhd (the Oneness of God) that we must explain very clearly to the non-Muslims. First is Tawhd Ar-Ruboobeeyah (Oneness of Allhs Divinity or Allah as the Only God and Creator). Allah is the Only Rabb, the Creator, the Sovereign, the Sustainer, the Provider, and Manager of the whole mankind in all affairs. Second is Tawhd Al-Ulooheeyah or Tawhd Al-Ibaadah (Allah is the Only One worthy of our worship). No one deserves true worship but Allh. Allah created the whole mankind and the jinn to worship Him Alone (51:56). Worship in Islm is a comprehensive term. Everything we do in accordance with Allhs Law is an act of worship. Such worship must be done sincerely for the pleasure of Allah alone. Third is Tawhd Al-Asmaa wa As-Sift (Allh Alone deserves the most Magnificent Names and Attributes). All praises belong to Allah . No one shares in any of His beautiful Names and Attributes, which are found in the Qurn and Ahdth.

Of the three categories of Tawhd, we must give emphasis on the Tawhd Al-Ulooheeyah or Tawhd Al-Ibdah. That is to invite or call people to worship Allah alone. This is to guide them to the Truth so that they will fulfill their very purpose of existence/creation in this world i.e., to worship Allah throughout their lives and therefore avoid committing the most sinful of all sins, which is Shirk (associating partners with Allah ). Allh the Most High tells us:
I have created not the jinn and men except that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any provision from them nor do I ask that they should feed Me. Verily, Allah s the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong. (51:56-58)
So glorify the praises of your Rabb and be of those who prostrate themselves (to Him). And worship your Rabb until there comes unto you the Hour that is certain (i.e., death). (15:98-99)
Allh forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah s to devise a sin most heinous indeed. (4:48)
To guide mankind to Tawhd Al-Ulooheeyah, Allh the Most Gracious, Most Merciful sent prophets and messengers to every nation. We read in the Qurn:
And verily, We have sent among every nation a messenger (proclaiming): Worship Allh (alone) and avoid false deities. (16:36)
And We did not send any messenger before you (O Muhammad) except that We inspired him (to proclaim) that none has the right to be worshipped except Me (Allh), so worship Me (Alone). (21:25)
The Prophet r, just like other prophets and messengers of Allah before him [e.g., Noah (7:59 and 23:23); Abraham (2: 257 and 6: 80); Jesus Christ, the son of Mary (5: 72)] invited people to the worship of Allah . Allh the Exalted tells us:
Say (O Muhammad): I am but a man like yourselves, (but) the inspiration has come to me, that your God is One God: whoever expects to meet His Rabb, let him work righteousness, and in the worship of his Rabb, admit no one as partner. (18:110)
In line with the above Islmic injunctions, it is imperative that we Duat must invite non-Muslims to Tawhd. We must call those who worship false deities as well as those who associate partners with Allah and the atheists toTawhd for the following reasons:
1. We must invite or call non-Muslims (e.g., Christians) to worship Allah alone so that they will fulfill their very purpose of existence/creation in this world ito worship Allah throughout their lives. Allh the Most High says:
I have created not the jinn and men except that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any provision from them nor do I ask that they should feed Me. Verily, Allah s the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong. (51:56-58)
So glorify the praises of your Rabb and be of those who prostrate themselves (to Him). And worship your Rabb until there comes unto you the Hour that is certain (i.e., death). (15:98-99)
2. To invite non-Muslims to Tawhd is to guide them to Islm, the right religion and therefore refrain themselves from committing the most sinful of all sins, which is Shirk (associating partners with Allah ). Allh the Almighty tells us in His Book:
You do not worship besides Him but only names which you have named (forged), you and your fathers, for which Allh has sent down no authority. The Command is for none but for Allh. He has commanded that you worship none but Him, that is the right religion, but most men know not. (12:40)
Allh forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah s to devise a sin most heinous indeed. (4:48)
3. If the non-Muslims will believe in the Oneness of Allah and will do righteous deeds, they will be in the eternal paradise and hence attain supreme success. They will be saved from the eternal chastisement in the Hell-Fire, which Allah has prepared for those who disbelieve in His Oneness. Allh the Almighty says:
So those who believed (in the Oneness of Allh) and did righteous deeds will be in the Gardens of Delight (Paradise). (22:56)
But those who disbelieve and belie our Ayaat (proofs, verses, etc.): such are the dwellers of the Fire, they shall abide therein forever. (2:39)
4. We have to invite non-Muslims to Tawhd especially Tawhd Al-Ulooheeyah (to sincerely worship Allh as the only God worthy to be worshipped) because it was the message conveyed by all the prophets and messengers of Allah . Allh the Most Gracious, Most Merciful sent prophets and messengers to every nation to proclaim that none has the right to be worshipped except Him. We read in the Qurn:
And verily, We have sent among every nation a messenger (proclaiming): Worship Allh (alone) and avoid false deities. (16:36)
And We did not send any messenger before you (O Muhammad) except that We inspired him (to proclaim) that none has the right to be worshipped except Me (Allh), so worship Me (Alone). (21:25)
5. Inviting non-Muslims to Tawhd is a message that is supreme. This is a commandment from Allah to His Messenger r, which we must also follow as stated in the following Ayt:
Say (O Muhammad): Truly am I a Warner: no god is there but the One Allh Supreme and Irresistible, the Rabb (Sustainer) of the heavens and the earth and all between Exalted in Might Able to enforce His will forgiving again and again. Say: That is a message supreme (above all) from which you do turn away! (38:65-68)
Say (O Muhammad): I am but a man like yourselves, (but) the inspiration has come to me, that your God is One God: whoever expects to meet His Rabb, let him work righteousness, and in the worship of his Rabb, admit no one as partner. (18:110)
It is imperative that we Duat must invite non-Muslims to Tawhd as it is the Sunnah of Allhs Messenger r. In fact, the first thing he enjoined one of his Companions, which we must also follow, was to invite people to worship Allah . The following authentic Hadth tells us:
Ibn Abbas narrated that when Allhs Messengerr sent Muadh to Yemen, he said (to him), You are going to People of the Book. First of all invite them to worship Allh (Alone) and when they come to know Allh, inform them that Allh has enjoined on them, five prayers in every day and night; and if they start offering these prayers, inform them that Allh has enjoined on them, the Zakat. And it is to be taken from the rich amongst them and given to the poor amongst them; and if they obey you in that, take Zakat from them and avoid (don't take) the best property of the people as Zakat. (Bukhari 2/537)
Islmic History tells us that for ten years, the Prophet r invited the non-believers in Makkah to Tawhd (to worship no other God but Allah ). While in Makkah, he was raised to Heaven where he was given the divine commandment to institutionalize the five obligatory daily prayers (Salaat). He r performed the prayers in Makkah for three years. Then, he was commanded to migrate to Madinah to build the first Islmic State to implement Islm in its complete and purest way. This shows how the Prophet r stressed the need to give priority to Tawhd, which we must also follow in our Dawah. This means to explain to non-Muslims the concept and rationality of the absolute oneness of Allh and why we need to worship Him, before explaining other pillars of Islm as well as the articles and other teachings of the True and Right Religion.