One day when allah

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One day when allah

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Thread: One day when allah

  1. #1
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    Default One day when allah

    in the name of allah

    A particular verse of the Quran says that one day in the sight of Allaah is equal to 1000 years. In another verse of the Quran it says that one day is equal to 50,000 years. Isnt the Quran contradicting itself?
    Answer..
    1. Time of Allaah is incomparable to earthly time
    The Quran says in two verses, (22:47 and 32:5), that the measure of one day in the sight of Allah is equal to 1,000 years of our reckoning. In another verse (70:4) it says that the measure of one day in the sight of Allah is equal to 50,000 years of our reckoning.

    These verses generally mean that the time of Allah (swt) is incomparable to the earthly time. The examples given are of one thousand years and fifty thousand years of the earthly time. In other words thousands of years or a very, very long time of the earth a day in the sight of Allaah is equal to:

    2. Yaum also means Period
    The Arabic word used in all these three verses is yaum, which, besides meaning a day also means a long period, or an epoch. If you translate the word yaum correctly as period there will be no confusion.

    a) The verse from Surah Hajj reads as: "Yet they ask thee to hasten on the Punishment! but Allaah will not fail in His promise. Verily a Day in the sight of thy Lord is like a thousand years of your reckoning".
    [Al-Quran 22:47]


    When the unbelievers asked to hasten the punishment the Quran says Allaah will not fail in His promise. Verily a period in the sight of Allaah is like a thousand years of your reckoning.

    b) The verse from Surah Al-Sajdah says: "He rules (all) affairs from the heavens to the earth: in the end will (all affairs) go up? To Him, on a Day, the space whereof will be (as) a thousand years of your reckoning". [Al-Quran 32:5]

    This verse indicates that a period required for all the affairs to go up to Allaah (swt), is a thousand years of our reckoning.

    c) A verse from Surah Al-Maarij says: "The angels and the spirit ascend unto Him in a Day the measure whereof is (as) fifty thousand years". [Al-Quran 70:4]

    This verse means that the period required for angels and the spirits to ascend unto Allah (swt) is fifty thousand years.

    d) The period for two different acts need not be the same. For example the period required for me to travel to destination A say Vashi is one hour and the period required for me to travel to destination B i.e. Kashmir is 50 hours. This does not indicate that I am making two contradictory statements.

    Thus the verses of the Quran not only do not contradict each other, they are also in perfect harmony with established modern scientific facts.


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  2. #2
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    What does yawm () mean in the Quran?


    Ibn Anwar

    Does yawm(plural ayyam)refer only to a 24-hour period due to the rotation of the earth?

    by Ibn Anwar, BHsc (Hons.)

    One would often hear criticism levelled against the Quran by the scientific skeptical community alongside Christians working together as detractors of Islam that the Quran is unscientific in its description of the creation of the universe. The Dawkins wannabe would say, The Quran like the Bible says that the heavens and the earth were created in six days! Isnt that laughable as we know today that it took billions of years for our universe to form? Is that a valid understanding of what the Quran says? Many critics will insist that the word used in the relevant verses is ayyam which stems from the singular yaum referring to a 24-hour period that includes sunrise and sunset. Is that a correct representation of the Arabic language? Unfortunately for the detractors it is a complete and total misrepresentation of Arabic and ultimately the Quran as we shall prove in this article.

    One of the standard lexicons of the Arabic language is Lanes Lexicon which was put together by Edward William Lane. The following is the entry on yawm in Lanes Lexicon [1]:

    A time, whether night or day; (Msb;) time absolutely, whether night or not, little or not: this is the proper signification; (Kull, p. 390: ) and day, meaning the period from the rising of the sun to its setting; (Lth, TA;) the time when the sun is above the earth: this is the common conventional acceptation: (Kull, ubi supra: ) and the period from the second [or true] dawn to sunset: (Msb, Kull: ) this is the legal acceptation: (Kull: )and a civil day: the period of the revolution of the greatest firmament. (Kull.) Also, An accident, or even, syn. and .

    From the above we see that the primary definition is not the one suggested by the detractors. Rather, as Lane writes its proper signification is time absolutely and this time may be long or short, that is, in Lanes wording little or not. We also learn that the word may refer to a period or an event. Thus if it is in the plural ayyam it could mean periods or events.


    Let us now turn to Hans Wehrs work which is another major resource for students and scholars of the Arabic language:

    yaum pl. ayyam day; pl. also: age, era, time [2]

    We see that Hans Wehr agrees with Lanes definition in general, yet specifically identifies ayyam as referring to age, era and time. Thus ayyam could indeed refer to a long duration or several periods.

    How then do we decide that the Quran is indeed referring to a lengthy amount of time and not just seven days with 24 hours each when it uses the term ayyam?

    To answer this question let us refer to the explanation given by the erudite Islamic scholar Sheikh Prof. Tahirul Qadri. He discusses this very subject under the title Period of Creation and Development of Universe in his book Creation and Evolution of the Universe:

    In this context the Quran declares.



    Allah is the One Who made skies and earth and what is in between in 6 YAUM.

    From this verse and the verses quoted before, it is very clear that the creation and development of the universe occurred in 6 YAUM. YAUM conventionally refers to 7 days of the week subject to the rise and setting of the sun. However, the Quranic concept of YAUM is not the same as the one which is in common use for the following reasons:-

    The Quran has used the word YAUM for a variable length of time. For example is Surah Alsajda: V-5 immediately after the description of creation Allah says:


    He is the One Who plans everything from earth to heavens and then everything will reach Him in a day equivalent to 1000 years in your calculation.

    Similarly in AL-MAARIJ. V-4 YAUM is used to describe a period of 50000 years.



    It will happen at a time when angels and Jibraeel will rise towards Him on a day equal to 50 thousand years. (AL-MAARIJ, 70:1)

    The phrase (six days or periods) is used for the duration of the creation of the sun, the earth and other heavenly bodies themselves. Obviously day and night as we see them could not exist before the existence of the Sun and the Earth.
    So it is quite obvious that the Quranic meaning of YAUM is one period of time which is of variable length. This could be equal to our millions or billions of years. This concept of YAUM has also been accepted and used from the earlier interpreters of the Quran e.g.

    (i) IMAM ABUSAUD ALAMADI (951 A.H.) in his interpretation of the Quran says that 6 days mean 6 periods of time, not our 6 days subject to the rise of the sun because at that time the earth and other planetary bodies did not exist.

    (ii) IMAM RAGHIB ASFAHANI in his AL-MUFRADAAT says YAUM is used for time which has variable length.

    (iii) ALLAMA ALUSI while describing the meaning of this verse of SURAH YUNUS used the same concept.

    (iv) ABDULLAH BIN ABBAS, a companion of the Prophet (PBUH) is also quoted to have described that YAUM is not like our days of the week.

    So it is clear that the universe was created in 6 periods of time. [3]

    Mufti Shafi Uthmani concurs with the above explanation in his own tafsir:

    This also tells us that it is not necessary that the six days during which the earth and the heavens were created, be equal to our six days. Instead, it is possible that they may be longer than these- as the Quran says about the day of Akhirah which will be equal to one thousand years.

    Abu Abdullah Razi has said that the movement of the far firmament is so fast as compared to the movements of our earth that the raised step of a man running here has still to come down to touch the ground when the far firmament moves a distance of three thousand miles. (Al-Bahr al-Muhit) [4]

    Likewise the late researcher Dr. Maurice Bucaille treats the subject excellently in his The Bible, the Quran and Science:

    Its most common meaning is day but it must be stressed that it tends more to mean the diurnal light than the length of time that lapses between one days sunset and the next. The plural ayyam can mean, not just days, but also long length of time, an indefinite period of time (but always long). The meaning period of time that the word contains is to be found elsewhere in the Quran. Hence the following:

    sura 32, verse 5:

    in a period of time (yaum) whereof the measure is a thousand years of your reckoning.

    (It is to be noted that the creation in six periods is precisely what the verse preceding verse 5 refers to).

    sura 70, verse 4:

    in a period of time (yaum) whereof the measure is 50,000 years.

    The fact that the word yaum could mean a period of time that was quite different from the period that we mean by the word day struck very early commentators who, of course, did not have the knowledge we possess today concerning the length of the stages in the formation of the Universe. In the Sixteenth century A.D. for example, Abu al Suud, who could not have had any idea of the day as defined astronomically in terms of the Earths rotation, thought that for the Creation a division must be considered that was not into days as we usually understand the word, but into events (in Arabic nauba). [5]

    Some might accuse the Muslims of arbitrarily cherry picking the most suitable interpretation which is in accordance with the findings of modern science so as to make the Quranic description sound. This would be completely false due to the fact that prior to the findings of modern science concerning the universe and the operation of the celestial bodies there were already Muslim scholars who understood and interpreted yaum and ayyam in the above verses as referring to stages or development in terms of periods of time. One such example is Abu al-Suud cited by both Bucaille and Dr. Tahirul Qadri.

    Among the best translation of the verse in our view is Muhammad Asads who renders it as follows:

    Verily, your Sustainer is God, who has created the heavens and the earth in six aeons, and is established on the throne of His almightiness. (7:54)

    Interpreting the above verse Muhammad Asad whose commentary is very well grounded in the Orthodox tradition writes:

    The word yawm , commonly translated as day but rendered above as aeon is used in Arabic to denote any period, whether extremely long (aeon) or extremely short (moment): its application to an earthly day of twenty-four hours is only one of its many connotations. [6]

    In conclusion, it is clear that the concept that yawm can and only refers to a 24-hour duration is an assumption that stems from a total miscomprehension of the Arabic language and the Quranic contextual usage. It is evident contextually, linguistically and from simple common sense that when the Quran says or six periods it is essentially referring to a very long duration which the creation of the universe certainly was.

    Addendum:

    The following is the text of Sheikh Abu al-Suuds commentary on 7:54 that was mentioned in the above discussion:

    [7] ) ( )

    Abu al-Suud is Abi al-Suud bin Muhammad al-Amadi who was one of the greatest exegetes of the Quran during the Ottoman era known as khatib al-mufaissireen (orator of the exegetes).

    References:

    [1] Lane, E. W. (1863). An Arabic-English Lexicon. London: Williams and Norgate. p. 3064

    [2] Wehr, H. (1976). A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic. Ithaca, New York: Spoken Languages Services, Inc. p. 1110

    [3] Tahirul Qadri (1999). Creation and Evolution of the Universe: A Review of Quran and Modern Science. Lahore, Pakistan: Minhaj-ul-Quran Publications. pp. 15-16

    [4] Shafi Uthmani (n.d.). Mariful Quran (Muhammad Hasan Askari & Muhammad Shamim, trans.), Vol. 3. p. 597

    [5]Bucaille, M. (2006). The Bible, the Quran and Science: The Holy Scriptures Examined in the light of Modern Knowledge. Kuala Lumpur: A.S. Noordeen. pp. 134-136

    [6] Muhammad Asad (1980). The Message of the Quran: Translated and Explained. Gibraltar: Darul Andalus. p. 263

    [7] Abi al-Suud bin Muhammad al-Amadi (n.d.). Irshad al-Aql al-Salim, Vol. 2. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Riyadh. p. 349


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One day when allah

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One day when allah

One day when allah