The prophet muhammad(saas

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The prophet muhammad(saas

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    The Prophet (saas)'s outdoor clothes


    Ubayd bin Khaalid (ra) reports that:
    "I was once going to Madina. I heard a person from behind me say: 'Wear your lungi (loose dress) higher because it avoids physical and spiritual impurities.' (The lungi will remain cleaner and will not become dirty by being dragged on the ground.) When I turned to see who was talking I saw that it was Rasulullah (saas)."106
    Salamah bin Akwa (ra) informs us that:
    "Uthmaan (ra) wore his lungi till the middle of his shin and said: 'This is how my master Rasulullah (saas) wore his lungi.'"107

    The Prophet (saas)'s ring and seal


    The seal of the Prophet (saas) is available in the Topkapi Palace.


    Anas bin Malik (ra) says:
    "Rasulullah (saas) had a ring made of silver and its (inlaid) gem was also of silver."108

    When the Prophet (saas) wanted to write to the leaders of foreign states, he ordered a seal-ring to be made.
    "Rasullullah (saas) therefore had a ring made, the whiteness of which is still before my eyes."109
    "The inscription engraved on the ring of Rasulullah (saas) was 'Muhammad Rasulullah,' of which in the first line was engraved 'Muhammad,' in the second line 'Rasul,' and in the third line 'Allah'."110


    The Prophet (saas)'s manner of walking
    Abu Huraira (ra) reports:
    "I did not see anyone more handsome than Rasulullah (saas). It was as if the brightness of the sun had shone from his blessed face. I did not see anyone walk faster than him, as is the earth folded for him. A few moments ago he would be here, and then there. We found it difficult to keep pace when we walked with him and he walked at his normal pace."111
    One of Ali (ra)'s grandchildren, Ibrahim bin Muhammad (ra), says that the Prophet (saas) had an easy manner of walking:
    When 'Ali (ra) described Rasulullah (saas), he used to say: 'When he walked, because of the speed and force of the legs, it seemed as if he was descending from a high place'."112
    Hassan (ra) describes how:

    "When he walked, he lifted his legs with vigour, leaned, slightly forward and placed his feet softly on the ground. He walked at a quick pace and took a rather long step. He did not take small steps. When he walked it seemed as if he was descending to a lower place. When he looked at something, he turned his whole body towards it. He always looked down. His blessed glance was focused more to the ground than towards the sky. His noble habit was to look at something with a slight glance. He made salaam (greeted) first to whomsoever he met."113


    (Left)Painting called Lilium Auratum. 1871. (Right) The City of Fayoum by Gérome.



    The Prophet (saas)'s manner of sitting
    Qaylah bint Makhramah (ra) reports:
    "I saw Rasulullah (saas) in the masjid (in a very humble posture) sitting. Due to his awe-inspiring personality, I began shivering."114
    Jaabir bin Samurah (ra) says:
    "I observed Rasulullah (saas) lean on a pillow, which was on his left side."115







    Who could do greater wrong than someone who invents a lie against Allah when he has been called to Islam? Allah does not guide wrongdoing people.
    (Surat as-Saff: 7)



    The Prophet (saas)'s way of speaking
    The Prophet (saas) was a man known for his effective, wise and concise manner of speaking. His messages had a great effect on people, and everyone took great pleasure in talking with him. A number of accounts that have come down from his companions also confirm that fact. These are some of them:
    "The Prophet (saas) was the greatest of the Arabs in oratory and beauty of speech. He said: 'I am the greatest orator among the Arabs'."116


    The Mosque of Sultan Hassan (right) by David Roberts.


    Aisha (ra) describes the Prophet (saas)'s way of speaking thus:
    "The speech of Rasulullah (saas) was not quick and continuous as that of yours. He spoke clearly, word by word."117

    "They said: 'The Messenger of Allah used to talk little and every thing was expressed in this brief talk. In his speech, there was no defect of excess or brevity. The words came one after another like pearls. Whoever heard them remembered them. He was the sweetest in talk among his companions. He used to keep silent for long and not talk without necessity. He used not to talk evil words and what he talked was just."118
    "He did not use ornamental words…."119
    "… His companions did never dispute before him."120
    "He used to smile much before his companions…"121



    Aisha (ra) again says:
    "He spoke in such a way that the words were spaced out so that those who sat with him remembered them."122
    Abdullah bin Haarith (ra) reports that:
    "I have not seen anyone who makes a person more cheerful than Rasulullah (saas)."123
    Anas bin Malik (ra) tells us the following:
    "Rasulullah (saas) used to mingle with us and joke."124

    The Prophet (saas)'s pleasing scent
    The Prophet (saas) attached great importance to cleanliness. He always smelt very fresh, clean and pleasant, and recommended that Muslims do the same. Accounts that have reached us from his companions give further details of this aspect of the Prophet (saas):
    Jaabir bin Samura (ra) states:
    "Whenever the Holy Prophet tread on any path, when someone passed by later, that they could recognize that the prophet had passed by there because they could smell the fragrance of his body."125
    From Anas bin Malik (ra):
    "I never felt a silk cloth, nor pure silk, nor any other thing softer than the palm of Rasulullah (saas). Nor did I smell any musk or any other fragrance, more sweet smelling than the fragrance of Rasullullah (saas)."126
    Anas bin Malik (r.a) reports:
    "I never smelt ambergris or musk as fragrant as the fragrance of the body of Allah's Messenger (saas) and I never touched brocade or silk and found it as soft as the body of Allah's Messenger (saas)."127
    In Qisas al-Anbiya, the Prophet (saas) was described in this way:
    "His body was clean and his scent beautiful. Whether or not he had used scent, his skin always had a lovely scent to it. If someone shook hands or conversed with him, or showed his friendship or affection, he would smell that clean scent all day, and if he laid that sacred hand on a child's head, that child could be distinguished from other children by that clean scent."128




    The Prophet (saas)'s favorite foods
    "He used not to take any hot food."129
    "Meat was his most favorite curry."130
    "The Holy Prophet (saas), amongst all other foods, liked pumpkin."131
    "He used to eat the meat of hunted birds."132




    … they will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them. When they are given fruit there as provision, they will say, 'This is what we were given before.' But they were only given a simulation of it.

    (Surat al-Baqara: 25)





    "He liked dried dates among dates."133
    Aisha (ra) had this to say about the food the Prophet (saas) enjoyed:
    "Rasulullah (saas) loved halva and honey."134
    "Among foods, he liked mutton, broth, pumpkins, sweet things, honey, dates, milk, cream, melons, grapes and cucumbers. He also liked cold water."135
    She adds:
    "Rasulullah (saas) ate watermelon with fresh dates."136


    Garden, by Pieter Gysels (1621-1690)


    "He never condemned the food. He used to eat what he liked and did not eat what he did not like."137
    "Rasulullah (saas) loved the meat of the forequarter."138
    These are some of the things the Prophet (saas) said about certain foods:
    "What a nice curry vinegar is."139
    "The Prophet (saas) said that mushroom is a good cure for the eyes, it also arrests paralysis."140
    "Illnesses are cured by means of three things: (one of them) is a drink of honey."141
    "Use olive oil as a food and ointment for it comes from a blessed tree."142



    Still-life painting by Ibrahim Safi.



    What the Prophet (saas) liked to drink
    Aisha tells us that:
    "The drink most liked by Rasulullah (saas) was that which was sweet and cold."143
    "Nabeez was prepared from dried grapes for the Prophet (saas) and dates were, also, put in it, or it was prepared from dried dates, and grapes, too, were put in it. "144
    "The best of drinks to the Messenger of Allah was sweet cold drink."145
    "The Holy Prophet (saas) said; besides milk there is nothing else that serves the purpose of both milk and water."146
    This is what the Prophet (saas) had to say about milk:
    "When one of you eats food, he should say: 'O Allah, bless us in it, and give us food (or nourishment) better than it.' When he is given milk to drink he should say: 'O Allah! Bless us in it and give us more of it, for no food or drink satisfies like milk'."147


    What the Prophet (saas) said about water
    The Prophet (saas) took great care to distribute water, particularly on journeys. On one particular journey, for instance, he stopped somewhere and asked for water from those around him. After washing his hands and face, he drank from the water, and told his companions; "pour some of its water on your faces and chests."148
    After drinking water, he prayed:
    "All praise is due to Allah Who has made it delicious and sweet by His grace and has not made it either salty or unsavory."149
    On another occasion, the Prophet (saas) said:
    "Water was created pure and nothing makes it impure except that which changes its color, taste and smell."150

    Some of the Prophet (saas)'s finer traits
    Imam Ghazzali, known as "Hujjatul Islam," collected and set out some of the Prophet (saas)'s traits as related by such great Islamic scholars as Tirmidhi, Tabarani, Muslim, Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawood and Ibn Maja:



    "The Holy Prophet (saas) was the most patient among men, the bravest, the best judge, and he who pardoned most. ... he was the most charitable man. He did not pass a single night hoarding a single dirham or dinar. Whenever any excess money came to him and if he did not then get anyone to accept it as charity, he did not return home till he gave it to the poor and the needy. He did not store up for more than a year the provision of his family members which Allah was pleased to give him. He used to take one fifth of what easily came to him out of dates and wheat. What remained in excess, he used to give in charity. He used to give away in charity to him who begged of him of anything, even out of his stored up provision.
    He did not take any revenge for personal wrongs but he used take it for preservation of the honor of Allah.
    He used to speak the truth even though it was sometimes a cause of trouble to himself and his companions.
    He was the most modest, without pride, and his tongue was most eloquent without prolongation of speech. His constitution was the most beatiful. No worldly duties could keep him busy.
    He used to go even to a distant place to see the sick, loved scents and hated a stench or bad smell, sat with the poor and the destitute, ate with them, honored those possessing honor, advised them to do good and show kindness to relatives. He did not treat harshly to anybody and accepted excuses offered to him.
    He accepted sports and pastimes as lawful, played with his wives and held races with them.... He did not hate the poor for their poverty nor fear the kings for their mighty power. He used to call the people, high or low towards Allah. Allah adorned him with all the qualities and good administration
    At the time when the Quran was being revealed to him, he used to smile most. When something happened, he entrusted it to Allah, kept himself free from his own strength and ability and said in invocation: 'O Allah, show me truth in a true manner or give me grace to give it up. You guide to the straight path whomsoever You will.'
    Allah revealed the Quran to him and through it He taught him good manners." 151



    For this We sent a Messenger to you from among you to recite Our Signs to you and purify you and teach you the Book and Wisdom and teach you things you did not know before.

    (Surat al-Baqara: 151)


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    83. Sahih Bukhari, Volume: IV, p. 613
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    94. Sahih Muslim Hadith
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    96. Tabaqat Hadith, Volume 4, Number 346
    97. Maulana Muhammad Manzoor No'mani, Ma'ariful Hadith, (Meaning and Message of the Traditions), Darul - Ishaat Publications, Karachi, Volume III, 1652/287
    98. Malik's Muwatta, Kitab al-sha'r, bab islah al-sha'r, Volume 2, Number 949
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    114. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 122
    115. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 126
    116. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings, VolumeII, p.240
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    118. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,VolumeII, p.241
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    122. Maulana Muhammad Manzoor No'mani, Ma'ariful Hadith, (Meaning and Message of the Traditions), Darul - Ishaat Publications, Karachi, Volume 4, p.335
    123. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 223
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    125. Fazlul Maulana, Al Hadis, Vol. 4, p. 340
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    127. Sahih Bukhari, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2002, Volume 4, p. 56
    128. Ahmed Cevdet Pasa, Qisas al-Anbiya, (Stories of the Prophets) Volume 4, Kanaat Press, Istanbul 1331, pp.364-365
    129. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001, Volume II, p.242
    130. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001, Volume II, p.242
    131. Tirmidhi, Shamail-e-Tirmizi, Kitab Bhavan Publication, New Delhi, 1997, p.137
    132. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,VolumeII, p.242
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    134. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 160
    135. Islam and Christianity, The Superior Morality and Habits of Hadrat Muhammad (saas), http://www.hizmetbooks.org/Islam_and...tianity/10.htm
    136. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 188
    137. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,VolumeII, p.243
    138. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 163
    139. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 155
    140. Food and Nutrition in Islam, www.stuymsa.org/origMSAarticles.htm
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    142. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 158
    143. Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2000, p. 19
    144. Maulana Muhammad Manzoor No'mani, Ma'ariful Hadith, (Meaning and Message of the Traditions), Darul - Ishaat Publications, Karachi,Volume III, p. 505
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    148. Sahih Bukhari Hadith
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    150. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings, Volume I, p.138
    151. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya ulum-id-din, Volume 2, pp. 237-241


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    The Exemplary Life of the Prophet (saas)

    Every moment of the Prophet (saas)'s life is a splendid example for the faithful to follow. With his conversations with the faithful, the way he addressed them, his sense of humour, his affection for and interest in children, the just way he treated women and his affection and concern, he was a model protector, both for his family and for all Muslims. That, by his smiling face, joyful countenance, and his consideration and affection for the faithful, he is an important example of proper morality and an ideal model of humanity. This chapter will comprise examples of the Prophet (saas)'s life which was so pleasing to Allah.


    The Prophet (saas) smiled often, and advised others to be the same
    Although the Prophet (saas) bore a heavy responsibility, and despite all the difficulties he faced, he was a most humble and peaceful man, submissive to Allah. He lived the joy and ardour of belief every moment of his life. Thanks to that joy of belief and his high morality, he was always smiling and tenderhearted. His companions describe his state of being:

    Ali (ra): "His smiling face and kind treatment of everyone made him literally a father to the people. Everyone was equal in his sight."152
    "He was always cheerful, gentle and mild."153
    "He was the softest and most kind of all people..."154
    The Prophet (saas) also advised his companions to smile, and said:
    "Don't entertain the people with your wealth, but entertain them with smiling face and good conduct."155
    "Allah loves the simple and those having smiling countenance."156


    The Prophet (saas)'s relations and conversations
    with his companions
    The Prophet (saas) took the greatest interest in the Muslims around him. He kept a close eye on the faith, behavior, cleanliness, happiness and health of each one of them. He noticed what each one lacked and needed, and ensured that they were provided for. In every conversation he had with them, he was pleasant towards them and won their love. When his companions left him, they would be full of joy and contentment.
    Ali (ra), one of the closest of those to him, describes his relations with his companions and the atmosphere during their talks:
    "His hand of charity was spread to its utmost and his tongue was the most truthful. His conduct was the most modest. Awe struck one who saw him first. Whoever mixed with him loved him. One who praised him said: I have never seen like him before and after him. Once a man begged something of the Prophet (saas) and it was given to him."157
    "He would take an interest in everyone he sat with, and gave no impression of treating anyone differently. He was always patient with those sitting with him or keeping him standing, and would never leave that person until that person moved away from him."158
    "He missed his companions, and asked after them (when he could not see them). He would ask how people were, and how their businesses were faring. He would call beautiful things beautiful, and ugly things ugly."159
    "He was always in favor of honest men, and would receive no-one else. They would come to his side for a short time, and when they left, they would leave as their hearts satisfied. They left his side as living proofs and guides."160
    "He was patient in the face of extreme or illogical behavior from strangers. They would sometimes grow angry, and he would calm them, saying, 'Guide them when you see anyone like that.'" 161
    "He would never interrupt, but would always wait for people to finish."162





    The Kaaba in Mecca. The King Fahd Gate.
    A Messenger has come to you from among yourselves. Your suffering is distressing to him; he is deeply concerned for you; he is gentle and merciful to the believers. (Surat at-Tawba: 128)


    "… He always spoke words that would cause people to love another and come together. He would never frighten or chase them away. He attached great importance to the leaders of all tribes, and was hospitable towards them…"163
    His grandson Hassan (ra) has this to say about the Prophet (saas):
    "His looks were very meaningful … He spoke briefly and to the point. There was nothing unnecessary in his words, and nothing lacking."164
    "He spoke in the same way to leading notables or ordinary people. He concealed nothing from them..."165
    This is how Abu Zar (ra) describes the Prophet (saas)'s most affectionateness towards his companions:
    "I came to him (the Prophet (saas)) and found him sitting on a cot. He got up from it and embraced me. This shows that embracing is good."166
    Abu Huraira (ra) describes the Prophet Muhammad (saas)'s consideration and humaneness:
    "The Prophet (saas) did not withdraw his hand from another till the latter withdrew his own hand."167
    The Prophet (saas) also took the greatest interest in his companions' health. He advised the thin among them to put on weight, and the overweight among them to go on a diet and be careful what they ate.168
    In some cases of sickness, he would advise his companions to take a drink made out of honey.169
    Abu Huraira (ra) apparently fainted one day, and the Prophet (saas) lifted him to his feet, took him home, and gave him some milk to drink when he realized he was hungry.170

    The Prophet (saas) would laugh and joke with his companions
    It appears from what has come down from his companions that the Prophet (saas) would frequently joke with his family and companions, as well as laugh at their jokes, and give them friendly names or nicknames. As always, however, the Prophet (saas) also behaved very prudently, considerately and in accordance with the demands of good conscience when it came to joking. We can summarise the advice the Prophet (saas) gave his companions about joking in this way:





    The Kaaba lock, in the Sacred Relics Department of Topkapý Palace.

    "I will joke, but I only speak the truth."
    "It is not lawful for a Muslim to frighten his brother."
    "Do not dispute with your brother, not joke with him in mocking terms."
    "Shame on him who speaks lies in order to entertain others."
    "One cannot be a good believer until he ceases to tell lies, even in jest, and to dispute, even if he is in the right."
    "Do not speak lies, even in jest."171



    The Prophet (saas)'s advice on the subject of love
    One of the most important subjects that The Prophet (saas) dwelt on was that the believers should love one another sincerely and with no thought of personal interests, and that they should not harbour thoughts of hatred, anger or jealousy for one another. The Prophet (saas) was both the best possible example to the believers, but also frequently gave them advice on the subject.





    :In the Qur'an, Allah says of the matter

    That is the good news which Allah

    gives to His servants who believe and do right actions. Say: "I do not ask you for any wage for this-except for you to love your near of kin. If anyone does a good action, We will increase the good of it for him. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Thankful." (Surat ash-Shura: 23)
    These are some of the hadiths that touch on the Prophet (saas)'s qualities of love, friendship and brotherhood:

    "A believer loves for others what he loves for himself."172
    "Allah's Apostle (saas) used to accept gifts and used to give something in return."173
    "He who is presented with a flower of sweet basil should not reject it, because it is light in weight and pleasant in odour."174

    "Don't hate one another, don't envy one another don't sell over the sale to another, don't dispute with one another and don't back-bite one another. The servants of Allah are brethren to one another."175
    "The habits of earlier generations have attacked you-envy and hatred. Hatred is shaving. You will not enter Paradise till you believe. You will not believe till you love one another. Shall I not inform you what thing will establish you on it? Spread peace among you."176



    The Prophet (saas)'s interest in and love for children
    The Prophet Muhammad (saas)'s compassion, mercifulness and consideration for the believers can also be seen in his attitude towards children. The Prophet (saas) took a close interest in his own children and grandchildren, as in those of his companions. In regards to them, he made suggestions about everything, from their birth to choosing names for them, from their health to their education, from their clothes to the games they played, all of which he played an active role in.
    For example, shortly before his daughter Fatimah gave birth to his two grandchildren, he told her: "When there is a birth, do nothing to the child without informing me."177 After the babies had been born he instructed on how they were to be fed, looked after and protected.
    The Prophet (saas) also prayed for new-born babies, for his children and grandchildren, and for the children of his companions. As he held them on his knee or watched them playing, he would ask Allah to give them long and prosperous lives, as well as wisdom and faith. At every opportunity he would pray for his grandchildren Hassan and Hussein, saying that the prayer he used was the same as that Abraham used for Isaac and Ismail.178
    Ibn Abbas (ra), one of his companions, relates how when he was a child, the Prophet (saas) said, "Allah, teach him wisdom." During the childhood of Anas bin Malik, another of his companions, he prayed to Allah to give him much wealth, many children and a long life, and that these would be auspicious for him.179
    The Prophet (saas) attached great importance to children's play, and sometimes even joined in with them. He recommended parents to play with their children, saying, "Let he who has a child be as a child with him."180 He suggested that children play such games and sports as swimming, running and wrestling, and encouraged his own grandchildren and the children of those around him to do so.
    Many of his companions have described how the Prophet (saas) loved children, and took an interest in and played with them. Here are a number of examples:
    Anas bin Malik (r.a):
    "The Prophet was one of the foremost people when it came to playing and joking with children."181


    Al-Bara 'ibn Azib (r.a):
    "I saw Hassan (ra) upon the shoulders of Allah's Messenger."182
    Anas bin Malik (ra) said:
    "The Prophet (saas) kissed and smelled (his son) Ibrahim."183
    Abu Huraira (ra) describes the Prophet (saas)'s love of children and how he used to play with them:
    I went along with Allah's Messenger (saas) at a time during the day but he did not talk to me and I did not talk to him until he reached Bazar of Banu Qunaiqa. He came back to the tent of Fatima and said: Is the little chap (meaning Hassan) there? We were under the impression that his mother had detained him in order to bathe him and dress him and garland him with sweet garland. Not much time had passed that he (Hassan) came running until both of them embraced each other, thereupon Allah's Messenger (saas) said: O Allah, I love him; love him and love one who loves him (Hassan)..."184
    According to Anas bin Malik (ra), the Prophet (saas) used to often call his grandchildren, Hassan and Hussein, over to him and cuddle them.185
    Ibnu Rebi'ati'ibni Haris (ra) says:
    "My father sent al-Fadl the son of Abbas and me to the Prophet (saas). When we came into his presence, he sat us down on his right and left, and embraced us more strongly than we had ever seen before."186
    The Prophet (saas) would often caress the heads of children and pray for them. For example, Yusuf 'Ibn Abdullah 'Ibn Selam (ra) says the Prophet (saas) would often call him by name and pat his head. Amr Ibnu Hureys (ra) describes how his mother took him into the presence of the Prophet (saas), and how the latter would pat his head and pray that he would always receive his daily bread. When Abdullah Ibnu Utbe (ra) was five or six, he also recalls the Prophet (saas) patting his head and praying he would have many descendants and live in plenty.187
    Abu Huraira (ra) provides the following examples of the Prophet Muhammad (saas)'s interest in and love for children:
    "When the people saw the first fruit (of the season) they brought it to Allah's Apostle (saas). When he received it he said: "O Allah, bless us in our fruits; and bless us in our city; and bless us in our sa's (a measurement unit) and bless us in our mudd (a measurement unit). He would then call to him the youngest child and give him those fruits."188
    "Whenever he came back from a journey, the children of his household would be taken out to meet him." He (saas) used to hug them close to him, as 'Abd-Allah ibn Jafar (ra) said:
    "Whenever the Prophet (saas) came back from a journey, we would be taken out to meet him. One day we met him, Hassan, Hussein and I. He carried one of us in front of him, and another on his back, until we entered Madina."189
    'Once the Prophet (saas) went out during the day… then he sat in the compound of Fatima's house and asked about the small boy (his grandson Hassan). After a while the boy came out running and the Prophet (saas) embraced and kissed him'."190

    Jaabir bin Samurah (ra) has this to say on the subject:
    "I prayed along with Allah's Messenger (saas) the first prayer. He then went to his family and I also went along with him when he met some children (on the way). He began to pat the cheeks of each one of them. He also patted my cheek and I experienced a coolness or a fragrance of his hand as if it had been brought out from the scent bag of a perfumer."191
    The Prophet Muhammad (saas) was sent at a time when female babies were still killed at birth, but stressed that girls should not be discriminated against in favor of boys, and that it was a sin to kill them. By demonstrating equal love for and interest in both, he set an excellent example to the whole of the society. The followoing is an example of what the Prophet (saas) said about female children:

    "A daughter is a lovely child; affectionate, eager to help, mild and full of sacred feelings of motherhood."192
    The Prophet (saas) demonstrated his love in word and deed. He would tell children how much he loved them.193
    The Prophet (saas) never favored one child over another. He showed the same affection and compassion to the children of the faithful that he did to his own children and grandchildren. When Halid bin Said (ra) visited the Prophet (saas), there was a little girl by his side. The Prophet (saas) showed her special affection because she had been born in Abyssinia. On one occasion, the Prophet (saas) had a piece of embroidered fabric in his hands. He called the girl over and gave it to her, making her very happy.

    Jemre (ra) was a small child at the time. Her father would bring her into the presence of the Prophet (saas) and ask for him to pray to Allah to make her prosperous. The Prophet (saas) took Jemre (ra) in his lap, placed his hand on her head, and prayed.
    Usama (ra), the son of the Prophet (saas)'s assistant Zaid (ra), had this recollection of the Prophet (saas):
    "Allah's Apostle (saas) used to put me on (one of) his thighs and Al-Hassan bin 'Ali on his other thigh, and then embraced us and said: 'O Allah! Please be Merciful to them, as I am merciful to them'."194

    Some people were unable to understand why the Prophet (saas) played with children and took such an interest in them. On one accasion, Akra bin Habis (ra) saw the Prophet (saas) kissing Hassan (ra), and said:
    " 'I have ten children and have never kissed one of them'." The Prophet (saas) looked at him and said, 'Those who show no mercy will be shown no mercy'."195
    The Prophet (saas)'s venerable son Ibrahim (ra) would frequently visit the house of his wet nurse, show her love and affection, and stroke her head. Anas bin Malik (ra), the servant of the Prophet (saas), has another recollection:
    "I never saw anyone who was more compassionate towards children than the Messenger of Allah (saas). His son Ibrahim was in the care of a wet-nurse in the hills around Madinah. He would go there, and we would go with him, and he would enter the house, pick up his son and kiss him, then come back."196

    Our Prophet (saas) also warned the faithful to treat their children justly, and said:
    "Fear Allah and treat your children with equal justice."197
    The Prophet (saas) also placed great emphasis on children's education and their being brought up with a proper morality, and showed the way by giving a great deal of advice on the matter. Some of the things he had to say are as follows:
    "The best things that a man leaves behind after his death are a virtuous child who invokes Allah for him, a perpetual charity, the reward of which reaches him, and a beneficial knowledge which remains useful after him."198
    "One of a child's duties to his father is to make his name and behavior fitting."199

    "Be hospitable to your children and raise them to be well-behaved ..."200
    As in all subjects, the Prophet Muhammad (saas) was an excellent model to the faithful as far as taking an interest in children and showing them love and affection. He communicated the importance of showing love to children in the words, "He does not belong to us who does not show mercy to our young ones...."201


    The Prophet (saas)'s wives are the mothers of the believers
    The Prophet (saas)'s wives are the mothers of all believers, models for all Muslim women, possessed of true godliness. There is a considerable amount of information about the behavior and faith of the Prophet (saas)'s wives, the way they cared for him, their own wisdom and their excellent morality, to be found in the Qur'an, the hadiths, and accounts about the life of the Prophet (saas).

    One of the facts about the Prophet (saas)'s wives in the Qur'an is that they are the mothers of all the believers:
    The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers... (Surat al-Ahzab: 6)
    In another verse, Allah forbids the believers to marry his wives after he has passed on:
    … It is not right for you to cause annoyance to the Messenger of Allah or ever to marry his wives after him. To do that would be a dreadful thing in Allah's sight. (Surat al-Ahzab: 53)
    Other verses of the Qur'an reveal that the wives of the Prophet (saas) are not like other women, and describe how they ought to behave. The description reads:
    Wives of the Prophet! You are not like other women provided you heed Allah. Do not be too soft-spoken in your speech lest someone with sickness in his heart becomes desirous. Speak correct and courteous words. Remain in your houses and do not display your beauty as it was previously displayed in the Time of Ignorance. Establish prayer [salat] and pay welfare tax [zakat] and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah desires to remove all impurity from you, People of the House, and to purify you completely. And remember the Signs of Allah and the wise words which are recited in your rooms. Allah is All-Pervading, All-Aware. (Surat al-Ahzab: 32-34)
    The behavior of the godly wives of the blessed Prophet (saas), as revealed in these verses, in other words, their goodwill, intelligence and conscientiousness, their dignified behavior, their modesty, the care they took over their religious observances, and their obedience of the Prophet (saas), and their knowledge of the Qur'an and the sayings of the Prophet (saas), should set an example for all Muslim women.
    Allah has revealed in the Qur'an that the wives of the Prophet (saas) will be doubly rewarded:
    Wives of the Prophet! If any of you commits an obvious act of indecency she will receive double the punishment. That is an easy matter for Allah. But those of you who are obedient to Allah and His Messenger and act rightly will be given their reward twice over; and We have prepared generous provision for them. (Surat al-Ahzab: 30-31)


    Nor does he speak from whim. It is nothing but Revelation revealed.

    (Surat an-Najm: 3-4)

    Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are fierce to the disbelievers, merciful to one another…(Surat al-Fath: 29)



    The first of the wives of the Prophet (saas) was Khadija (ra). She was also one of the very first Muslims. When the Prophet (saas) received his first revelation he immediately told her of it. Khadija (ra) is known for her intelligence, perceptiveness, foresight and wisdom, and she immediately believed, offering the Prophet (saas) enormous support in the days that followed and expending great physical and spiritual effort to help spread the morality of the Qur'an.
    Other wives of the Prophet (saas), such as Sauda, Aisha, Hafsah, Umm Habiba, Umm Salama, Safia, Moyomuna, Zainab bint Jahsh, Juwairya (ra) are also mentioned for their self-sacrifice, patience, and loyalty to the Prophet (saas), and were also excellent role models for the faithful.




    The Prophet (saas) displayed great interest in his wives as well as children, and was a means whereby their faith, health, happiness and knowledge were all increased. It is reported that the Prophet (saas) would play with his wives and run races with them. His companions described the Prophet (saas)'s great interest in his wives in the words, " The Prophet (saas) used to joke with his wives..."202
    According to Aisha (ra), "I have never seen a man who was more compassionate to his family members than Muhammad (saas)."203
    Another characteristic the Prophet (saas) is known to have possessed is his great justice towards his wives. It is reported that he divided his visits between them equally.
    Anas bin Malik (ra) says:
    "Allah's Apostle (saas) had nine wives. So when he divided (his stay) with them, the turn of the first wife only came on the ninth (day). They (all the wives) used to gather every night in the house of the one where he had to come (and stay that night)."204

    Many of the words of the Prophet (saas) make it clear just how valuable devout women are. For instance, one of his sayings was as follows: "The whole world is a provision, and the best object of benefit of the world is the pious woman."205
    The Prophet (saas) also told his companions how they should treat their own wives:
    "The most perfect believer in faith is one who is the best of them in good conduct. The best of you is one who treats best with his wife among you."206
    "The best of you, is the one who is best to his wives, and I am the best of you toward my wives."207





    This is news of the Unseen which We reveal to you. You were not with them when they decided what to do and devised their scheme.

    (Surah Yusuf: 102)


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    152. Imam Muhammed bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, p. 33
    153. http://www.alinaam.org.za/LIBRARY/pallah.htm
    154. http://www.salaam.co.uk/knowledge/ruqaiyyah4.php158
    155. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001, Volume III, p.52
    156. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001, Volume II, p.132
    157. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings, Volume II, p.248
    158. Imam Muhammed Bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, Ýz Publications, p. 33
    159. Imam Muhammed Bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, Ýz Publications, p. 33
    160. Imam Muhammed Bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, Ýz Publications, p. 33
    161. Imam Muhammed Bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, Ýz Publications, p. 34
    162. Imam Muhammed Bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, Ýz Publications, p. 34
    163. Imam Muhammed Bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, Ýz Publications, p. 33
    164. Imam Muhammed Bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, Ýz Publications, p. 32
    165. Imam Muhammed Bin Muhammed bin Sulayman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, Ýz Publications, p. 32
    166. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,VolumeII, p.140
    167. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings, VolumeII, p.131
    168. http://www.ourdialogue.com/m25.htm
    169. Sahih Bukhari Hadith
    170. Sahih Bukhari, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2002,Volume 7, p.241
    171. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 15, p. 209
    172. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,VolumeIII, p.68
    173. Sahih Bukhari, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2002,Volume 3, p. 597
    174. Riyad-us-Saliheen, Volume 2, Compiled by Al-Imam Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Sharaf An-Nawawi Ad-Dimashqi, p. 1330
    175. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,Volume III, p.124
    176. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,Volume III, p.167
    177. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 2, p. 448
    178. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 2, p. 450
    179. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 2, p. 450-451
    180. http://www.diyanetvakfi.dk
    181. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 15, p. 209
    182. Sahih Muslim, Volume IV, p.110
    183. Imam Muhammad Bin Muhammad bin Suleyman er-Rudani, Cem'ul-fevaid min Cami'il-usul ve Mecma'iz-zevaid, Volume5, p.136
    184. Sahih Muslim, Islamic Book Service, New Delhi (India), Volume IV, Number2421R1
    185. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 2, p. 508
    186. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 2, p. 508
    187. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 2, p. 509
    188. Sahih Muslim, Volume 7, Number 3170
    189. Sahih Muslim, Volume 4, Number 1885-2772
    190. Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 34, Number 333
    191. Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Fada'il, Book 30, Number 5758
    192. Vesail, Ebvab-ý Ahkam-ül-Evlad, 4.bab; Hüseyin Hatemi, Ýlahi Hikmette Kadýn (Woman in the Divine Wisdom), Birlesik Publications, Volume 4, Istanbul, 1999, p. 72
    193. http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamen...rophet/Prophet description.html#children
    194. Sahih Bukhari, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 2002, Volume 8, p.199
    195. Sahih Bukhari, Number 91
    196. Sahih Muslim, 15/75, Kitab al-Fada'il
    197. Sahih Bukhari and Muslim Hadiths
    198. Abu Katada Hadith
    199. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 2, p. 512
    200. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani, Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 2, p. 515
    201. Tirmidhi Hadith
    202. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din, Volume 2, p. 32
    203. Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Fada'il,63
    204. Sahih Muslim, Islamic Book Service Publications, New Delhi, 1998, Book 8, Number 3450
    205. Sahih Muslim, Book 8, No. 3465
    206. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,VolumeII, p.32
    207. Imam Ghazzali's Ihya Ulum-Id-Din (The Book of Religious Learnings), Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, 2001,Vol.II, p.32


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    What the Prophet (saas) Said of the Future

    Every individual, every society and every nation has its own particular destiny. Even before the first human being had been created, all the details of what each person would experience in the future, the events to be witnessed by every nation, the stages every society would go through, and the like, had all been established in the sight of Allah. Yet, people do not know any of these details that have been established, lived through, or done with in the sight of Allah. They only see and come to know them as they experience them. The future is thus unknown to us.
    However, Allah has also revealed that He has granted some of His servants information about the unknown in the Qur'an. One such factor was that about the Prophet Yusuf (as). In his dungeon, he told two of his companions of the proofs of the existence of Allah:

    He said, "No meal to feed you will arrive before I have informed you what they mean. That is part of what my Lord taught me. For I have left the religion of a people who clearly have no belief in Allah and are disbelievers in the hereafter." (Surah Yusuf: 37)

    As we see from this verse, Yusuf (as) is saying that he knew something that had not yet occured. That is knowledge, and a miracle, imparted to him by Allah. Allah also gave him the knowledge to interpret dreams. As long as Allah so wished, he could see certain events in the future.
    Similar knowledge to that given to Yusuf (as) was also given to other prophets. In some verses, Allah states that He will reveal aspects of the unknown to those He chooses to be His messengers:

    He is the Knower of the Unseen, and does not divulge His Unseen to anyone-except a Messenger with whom He is well pleased, and then He posts sentinels before him and behind him. (Surat al-Jinn: 26-27)
    Our Lord gave the Prophet (saas) much knowledge of the unknown. The Prophet (saas) was told by Allah of things that had happened in the past, which nobody knew about, and of things that were yet to happen in the future. Allah states the truth in one verse:

    This is news of the Unseen which We reveal to you. You were not with them when they decided what to do and devised their scheme. (Surah Yusuf: 102)
    This chapter will consider some information regarding the unknown that has come down to us from the Qur'an, that was imparted by Allah to the Prophet (saas) or that is available in the hadiths. (For more detail, see Harun Yahya, Miracles of the Qur'an).
    The great majority of these things have come to pass already, and people have witnessed these miracles. That is also one of the proofs that the Prophet (saas) was the messenger of Allah and that the Qur'an is the word of Allah.




    Some of the information regarding the unknown imparted
    to the Prophet (saas) by the Qur'an

    Alif Lam Mim. The Romans have been defeated in the lowest land, but after their defeat they will themselves be victorious within three to nine years. The affair is Allah's from beginning to end. On that day, the believers will rejoice. (Surat ar-Rum: 1-4)

    One of the items of information about the future given to the Prophet (saas) by means of the Qur'an is to be found in the early verses of Surat ar-Rum. It is revealed in these verses that the Byzantine Empire had been defeated, but would then emerge victorious a short while later.
    These verses were revealed in 620 A.D., some seven years after a crushing defeat inflicted on the Byzantines by the idolater Persians. The news is reported that the Byzantines will soon again be victorious. At that time, however, the Byzantines had been so seriously defeated that it looked impossible for them even to survive, let alone later emerge victorious. Not only the Persians, but also the Avars, Slavs and Lombards all constituted a grave menace to the Byzantine Empire. The Avars had come as far as the walls of Constantinople. In order to meet the expenses of his army, the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius had ordered all gold and silver ornamental goods in the churches to be melted down. When that proved to be insufficient, he even started to have bronze statues torn down to make coins from. Many governors rebelled against Emperor Heraclius, and the empire was on the point of falling apart. The idolator Persians had occupied many Byzantine territories, including Mesopotamia, Cilicia, Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Armenia.208

    In short, everyone expected Byzantium to disappear completely. Yet, at just that moment, the news was revealed in the verse that Byzantium would emerge victorious again within nine years. Such a victory looked so totally impossible that Arab idolaters believed that this victory, revealed in the Qur'an, could never happen.
    Yet, it was certainly true, just like everything else in the Qur'an. About seven years after the revelation of the first verses of Surat ar-Rum, in December 627 A.D., there was a major battle between Byzantium and the Persian Empire not far from the ruins of Nineveh. The Byzantine army defeated the Persians. A few months later, the Persians had to sign a treaty handing back to Byzantium all of its territories they had occupied.209 The "victory of the Romans," revealed to the Prophet (saas) by Allah in the Qur'an, had miraculously come about.
    Another miracle in these verses consists in the reporting of facts about a part of the world that nobody at the time could possibly identify.

    In verse 3 of Surat ar-Rum, it is said that the Romans had been defeated in "the lowest place on Earth." The Arabic for that is "Adna al Ard," and is translated in some texts as meaning "a land nearby." Yet, that does not accurately reflect the original meaning. The Arabic word "adna" means "the lowest," and comes from the word "deni," which means "low." "Ard" means the "earth." "Adna al Ard" therefore means the lowest place on earth.
    The battle between the Byzantine Empire and the Persians really did take place at the lowest point on earth. That was the basin of Lake Lut, where present-day Syria, Palestine and Jordan meet. It is also known that the area around the lake is 395 metres below sea-level, making it the lowest point on earth. As the verse reveals, the Romans were defeated at "the lowest place on earth."
    The important point here is that the altitude of Lake Lut has only been been established by measurements taken in the modern age. Before that, it was not possible for anyone to know that the lake was the lowest point on earth. Yet the region is described as such in the Qur'an. That is one of the proofs that the Qur'an is the divine word, and that the Prophet Muhammad (saas) is the prophet of Allah.


    The Romans have been defeated in the lowest land...
    (Surat ar-Rum: 2-3)



    Glory be to Him Who took His servant on a journey by night from the Masjid al-Haram to the Masjid al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, in order to show him some of Our Signs. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing. (Surat al-Isra': 1)
    In this verse, Allah reveals that one night he took the Prophet (saas) to the Al-Aqsa Mosque. That is a great miracle. The Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) is in Mecca, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. The Prophet (saas) was in Mecca when this happened. Under the conditions of that time it would have been quite impossible for him to go from Mecca to Jerusalem in one night. We must also make it clear that the Prophet (saas) had never before seen Jerusalem and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
    The next day, when he recounted this great miracle to those around him, the polytheists in Mecca refused to believe him, and, it is said, demanded proof. One of them had seen the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and they asked the Prophet (saas) to describe it and asked him questions about it.
    When the Prophet (saas) was able to describe the Al-Aqsa Mosque correctly, the polytheists said his description was exact. They then asked him whether or not he had met a caravan that was coming from there. The Prophet (saas) replied: "Yes, I came across it. It was at Rawha. They had lost a camel and were looking for it. There was a water goblet among what they were carrying. I was thirsty and drank from it, and then put it back in its place. When they arrive, ask them if they found the water in that goblet." The Quraish then said, "That is another sign." They then continued to ask him detailed questions about the caravan. The Prophet (saas) answered all their questions, and said: "They will arrive on such and such a day, at dawn, led by such and such a person on a grey camel with two haircloth sacks on it." They then said, "That is another sign." It is then reported that on that day they then made haste for Saniyya to wait for dawn. The caravan in question indeed came into view at dawn. Leading the caravan was that same grey camel that the Prophet (saas) had described.210


    It is He who appointed you successors on the earth and raised some of you above others in rank so He could test you regarding what He has given you. Your Lord is Swift in Retribution; and He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

    (Surat al-An'am: 165)



    It is an important miracle that Allah should have shown the Prophet (saas) somewhere he had never been without actually going there. It was impossible at that time to go from Mecca to Jerusalem in a single night, and that makes the miracle even greater and clearer.

    Allah has confirmed His Messenger's vision with truth: You will enter the Masjid al-Haram in safety, Allah willing, shaving your heads and cutting your hair without any fear. He knew what you did not know and ordained, in place of this, an imminent victory. (Surat al-Fath: 27)


    The Prophet (saas) had a dream when he was in Medina, that the believers had entered the Sacred Mosque and walked around the Kaaba. He gave the good news to the believers. Those of the believers who migrated from Mecca to Medina had not been able to return since. When the Prophet (saas) spoke of his dream, as the account has it, the believers went to Mecca for the purposes of pilgrimage, although the idolators would not allow them in. The unbelievers saw this as an opportunity to sow discord, and tried to prove the Prophet (saas)'s dream false by saying that they had been unable to go to the Kaaba and unable to cut their hair.
    Allah revealed verse 27 of Surat al-Fath to the Prophet (saas) to help and support him, and revealed that the dream was true, and that if Allah so wished the believers would be able to enter Mecca. A short while later, with the Treaty of Hudaybiya and the conquest of Mecca, the believers were able to enter the Sacred Mosque in complete safety, just as the dream had shown. That was how Allah showed that the news He had previously given to the Prophet (saas) was true.211
    Another important point here is this: When the Prophet (saas) gave that good news to the believers it looked totally out of the question. In fact, the situation pointed in quite the opposite direction, and the polytheists appeared quite determined never to let the believers in. That led those who harboured doubts in their hearts to doubt the words of the Prophet (saas). Yet, the Prophet (saas) trusted in Allah, took no notice of what people might say, had complete faith in what Allah had revealed to him and told people about it. It is an important miracle that his words were confirmed by the Qur'an, and that they came to pass shortly afterwards.



    We decreed in the Book for the tribe of Israel: "You will twice cause corruption on the earth and you will reach [a degree of] great haughtiness. When the promised first time came, We sent against you servants of Ours possessing great force, and they ransacked your houses, rampaging right through them. It was a promise which was fulfilled. Then once again We gave you the upper hand over them and supplied you with more wealth and children and made you the most numerous group." (Surat al-Isra': 4-6)

    As these verses reveal, the Children of Israel were to experience two victories. Following the first of these, and their "reaching to a degree of great haughtiness," Allah then sent a powerful army against them. Indeed, when the Jews killed the Prophet Yahya (as) and set a trap to kill the Prophet 'Isa (as), in other words, after their "reaching to a degree of great haughtiness," they were exiled shortly afterwards from Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 A.D. The Temple of Solomon in the city was completely demolished.
    Following their exile from Palestine in 70 A.D., the Jews wandered all over the world. Since they were seen as the killers of 'Isa (as), they were generally despised in European countries, had to live under oppressive conditions, and even most of the time had to practice their religion in secret. When that verse was revealed to the Prophet (saas), the Jews were living under very difficult conditions and had no state of their own. Yet, Allah told them that they would one day recover their strength.
    That looked like a particularly remote possibility when the Prophet (saas) was alive, yet it later came about. They returned to Palestine and established the State of Israel in 1948. Israel's military and political power is no secret to anyone today.

    At the time when the Prophet (saas) was informed in a verse that the Children of Israel would regain their strength, the Jews were living under very difficult conditions and had no state of their own. Years later, however, a Qur'anic miracle took place when David Ben-Gurion (left) declared the foundation of the state of Israel in 1948.


    In this verse regarding the Jews, and in other verses, one of the important things is the revelation that things that looked totally impossible at the time, would come about. All of these examples are miracles of the Qur'an, of course.

    The Prophet confided a certain matter to one of his wives, then when she divulged it Allah disclosed that to him, and he communicated part of it and withheld part of it. When he told her of it, she said, '"Who told you of this?" He said, "The All-Knowing and All-Aware informed me of it." (Surat at-Tahrim: 3)

    As is revealed in this verse, the Prophet (saas) imparted a secret to a number of his wives. However, they were unable to keep it, and revealed it to each other. Allah had told the Prophet (saas) of that behaviour, that they would talk amongst themselves. The Prophet (saas) then told his wives that he knew they had divulged the secret.

    Information about the unknown the Prophet (saas) revealed in the hadiths

    O my people! You are about to conquer Egypt. Keep the welfare of the conquered people in view. You shall have to abide by the divine covenant that their life and property and their honour should be protected.212

    In the hadiths, the Prophet (saas) gave the good news that Egypt would be conquered. At the time when he communicated that message, Egypt was under the dominion of the Byzantines. Furthermore, the Muslims had yet to attain any great power. Yet, these words of the Prophet (saas) came true, and, not long after his death, the Muslim armies under the command of Amr bin al-As conquered Egypt in 641 A.D., during the caliphate of Omar. That is one example of the Prophet (saas) accurately knowing the unknown.

    Kisra (Khosrau, King of Persia) will die; there will be no Kisra after him, and Qaisar (Caesar, King of Rome) will die; there would be no Qaisar after him, but, by One in Whose Hand is my life, you will spend their treasures in the cause of Allah.213

    The word "kisra" that appears in this hadith was a name that used to be used for kings of Persia. The title "caesar" was used for the Roman Empire. The Prophet (saas) gave the good news that the Muslims would come into possession of the treasures of both these rulers.
    What needs to be stressed here is that when the Prophet (saas) related that fact, the Muslims still lacked the necessary economic, military and political strength to effect such a great conquest. Furthermore, at that time, the Persian and Byzantine Empires were the two most powerful states in the Middle East. For that reason, such an event was out of the question, at the time when the Prophet (saas) delivered those tidings. However, things actually happened as the Prophet (saas) predicted they would. Iran was conquered during the time of Omar and all its goods seized. The kingdom of the Persian "kisra" thus came to an end.
    The death of "caesar" and the reversion of his treasuries to the Muslims came about with the capture of important Roman centers, particularly during the time of the Muslim caliphs. Starting with the time of Abubakr, important centers under the dominion of "caesar" such as Jordan, Palestine, Damascus, Jerusalem, Syria and Egypt were conquered. The capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453 meant the collapse of the Roman Empire, and the end of the title of "caesar."214


    Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror's capture of Constantinople and the collapse of the Roman Empire meant the end of the title of Caesar.


    In his book The Venture of Islam, the American researcher M. G. S. Hodgson describes the Muslim capture of territories belonging to Byzantium and the Persian Empire:
    "Muhammad, an Arab of Mecca, sets up a religiously organized society in Medina, and expands it over much of the Arabian peninsula to march with and even locally replace Sasanian and Roman power."215
    In this way, these important conquests, that seemed to be totally impossible at the time of the Prophet (saas) both politically and economically, actually happened, as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (saas) by Allah.

    Great Allah sent many tribulations to Kisra by his son Shireveyh, who killed him in this month, on this night at this hour!216
    In the near future, my religion and its sovereignty will reach Kisra's throne.217

    The Prophet (saas) decided to invite the rulers to turn to Islam, and sent one of his companions, Abdullah bin Hudhaafah, to the Kisra, the Persian King, as an ambassador. The Persian Kisra, swollen with pride, rejected the Prophet (saas)'s offer. He even sent two ambassadors of his own to the Prophet (saas), telling the Muslims to submit to him. The Prophet (saas) first invited these two ambassadors to accept Islam. Then he called them into his presence the next day to learn their decision.218
    The next day, the Prophet (saas) told the two ambassadors what Allah had revealed to him:
    "Great Allah sent many tribulations to Kisra by his son Shireveyh, who killed him in this month, on this night, at this hour!"219
    He also personally told them:
    "Tell him that my religion and my empire will reach far beyond the kingdom of Kisra; and say to him from me: Enter Islam, and I will confirm you in what you have, and I will appoint you king over the people of Yemen."220
    The ambassadors then returned to Yemen and described what had gone on. Badhan said:
    "We will see what happens next. If what he said is true, then he is the prophet whom Allah has sent."221
    He then turned to his men and asked what they thought of him. The ambassadors had been greatly impressed by the Prophet (saas), and said:
    "We never saw a ruler more majestic, more fearless and less guarded than him. He walked humbly amongst the people."
    Badhan waited for a while to see whether the Prophet (saas)'s words about the ruler would come true or not. In that way, he said, he could be sure that Muhammad (saas) was Allah's messenger. A short while later, a letter reached Badhan from the ruler's son, Shireveyh: "I killed Kisra. When this letter reaches you, take the oath of the people in my name. Regarding what Kisra wrote to you, wait and do nothing until a new command from me."222
    When Badhan and his men worked it out, they realized that all this had happened just as the Prophet (saas) had said it would.223 Badhan came to believe after that great miracle, and accepted Islam. He was followed by the Yemeni Abna.224 Badhan became the first governor appointed by the Prophet (saas), and the first Persian governor to be a Muslim.225
    It is a historically documented fact that in 628 the Prophet (saas) sent a letter of invitation to the Persian King Kisra, and that he was killed by his son that same year.226

    The Prophet (saas)'s hadiths regarding the signs of the end times
    Many details of what the Prophet (saas) said would happen before the last days have reached us. These events are happening one by one in our own time, proving to be yet another miracle of the Prophet (saas). These events, that are happening 1,400 years after the Prophet Muhammad (saas), were explained in great detail, as if he had witnessed them himself.



    These are the Prophet (saas)'s prophecies regarding the signs of the end times and the last day, taken from the hadiths:

    The Last Hour will not come unless there is much bloodshed.227


    Near the establishment of the Hour there will be much Al-Harj, and Al-Harj means killing…228
    The day of Judgment will not come until people openly deny Allah.229
    Great cities will be ruined, and it will be as if they had not existed the day before.230

    Gains will be shared out only among the rich, with no benefit to the poor.231







    (Left)Acts of violence and terror, one of the signs of the final times, are continuing with increasing violence all over the world.The parallel between the warning issued by the Prophet (saas) in the past and the events being experienced today reveals to us one of the miracles of this blessed man. (Right) The wars in many countries of the world, in which innocent people are killed for no reason, are another of the portents of Doomsday related by the Prophet (saas).



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    People will indulge in homosexuality and lesbianism.232





    There will be prevalence of open illegal intercourse.233

    The Hour (Last Day) will not be established until murders will increase.234

    Pity poor Taliqan (a region in Afghanistan) that at that place are treasures of Allah, but these are not of gold and silver but consist of people who have recognised Allah as they should have.235

    There is an indication in the hadith that Afghanistan will be occupied during the end times. The Russian invasion of Afghanistan took place in 1979, or 1400 according to the Hijri calendar. In other words, it coincided with the start of the fourteenth century under the Hijri calendar.



    These pictures show examples of the oppression suffered by the people of Afghanistan during the invasion by the Russian army in 1979.


    It (Euphrates) will uncover a mountain of gold (under it).236

    Soon the river "Euphrates" will disclose the treasure (the mountain) of gold, so whoever will be present at that time should not take anything of it.237



    The Reichstag (German Parliament) after its destruction in 1945. The picture below shows the same building in 1999, after reconstruction. Many buildings are being restored and brought back to their former appearance in the same way.


    The rebuilding of the ruined places in the world, and the ruination of constructed places are signs and portents of Doomsday.238

    There are two signs of our Mahdi; ...and those signs are that moon will eclipse in the first night of its fixed nights of eclipse and sun will be eclipsed in the middle of the fixed days for its eclipse, during the month of Ramadhan.239
    There will be two eclipses of the sun in Ramadan before the Mahdi emerges.240

    There will be two eclipses of the Moon in Ramadan...241


    The common points emerging from the above three hadiths are:
    1. There will be solar and lunar eclipses during the month of Ramadan.
    2. These will be spaced about 14-15 days apart.
    3. The eclipses will be repeated twice.
    In line with those calculations, there was a lunar eclipse in 1981 (Hijri 1401), on the 15th day of Ramadan, and a solar eclipse on the 29th day of the month. There was a "second" lunar eclipse in 1982 (Hijri 1402) on the 14th day of Ramadan, and a solar eclipse on the 28th day of the month.

    It is also particularly significant that in that particular instance, there was a full lunar eclipse in the middle of the month of Ramadan, a most striking prophecy.


    Before he comes, a comet spreading light will come from the East.242
    The birth of that star will follow the eclipse of the Sun and Moon.243
    A tailed star will be born from the East and spread its light. Its daily direction will be from East to West.244

    - In 1986 (Hijri 1406), in other words at the start of the 14th century, Halley's comet passed by the Earth. The comet is a bright, shining star.
    - It travels from East to West
    This happened after the lunar and solar eclipses of 1981 and 1982 (1401-1402)

    People will go on the hajj with no imam at their head. When they descend to Mina, the tribes will savage each other like dogs and there will be great wars. To such an extent that feet will be covered in a lake of blood.245


    A fire will appear in the sky from the East and a redness will cover the sky for three or seven days in a row.246

    A fire will enfold you. That fire is currently extinguished in the valley called Berehut. People will be enfolded in that fire with terrible suffering. That fire will burn and destroy people and belongings. For eight days it will rage over the world like wind and cloud. The heat of night will be fiercer than that of day. That fire will stretch from the heads of man to the highest heavens, and there will be a terrible noise like thunder between the earth and sky, he said.247

    - The burning oil in Kuwait led to the deaths of people and animals. According to experts, half a million tons of oil went up into the atmosphere as smoke. Every day, more than 10,000 tons of soot, sulphur, carbon-dioxide and large quantities of hydrocarbons with their carcinogenic properties hang suspended over the Gulf. It is not just the Gulf, but the world itself that is burning.248
    - Two wells that were set alight produced as much oil as Turkey does in one day, and the smoke from them can be seen from Saudi Arabia, 55 kilometres away.249
    - Continuing news of disaster from the Gulf: Hundreds of oil wells set alight in Kuwait are still burning fiercely. Experts say it will be "exceedingly difficult to put those fires out," and it is said that the fires will affect a wide area from Turkey to India for the next 10 years.
    The fire and smoke coming from the wells constantly pollute the atmosphere. Daytime resembles night in Kuwait. The brown smoke that rises together with the flames remind one of the sky as the autumn turns into winter … It will take at least a century for Kuwait to be completely habitable again. The smoke that rises with the flames is visible from miles away, totally blocking out the sky and making the country unfit to live in. The wealthy are abandoning Kuwait.250


    He(The Mahdi) will not come until there is a portent from the Sun.251


    The solar eclipse of August 11, 1999 was the last of the century. During this eclipse, the likes of which take place only every 400 years, the sun, the moon and the world align. It was the first time that so many people had been able to watch and study an eclipse for so long a duration. Below are some newspaper headlines regarding the phenomenon. This can be interpreted as the "portent from the Sun" referred to in the hadith. (Allah knows best, of course).
    Before the Hour comes, there will be a tribulation like patches of dark night...252
    The word "tribulation (fitna)" implies anything that turns peoples' reason and hearts away from the true path, or war, incitement, chaos, disorder and conflict. The tribulation in the hadith will leave smoke and dust behind it, we learn.

    Furthermore, the way that tribulation is described as "darkness" in the hadith, can be seen as an indication that its origins are unclear, that it is unexpected. Looking at it from that regard, it is probable that the hadith is referring to the world's worst terrorist attack, on the cities of New York and Washington in the United States on September 11, 2001.

    The inhabitants of Egypt and Sham would kill their ruler and his commands…253

    The people of Sham will take prisoner the tribes of Egypt.254
    Today, the states in the region in question include Israel. That is why the hadith could be pointing to the war between the State of Israel and Egypt, and the invasion of Egyptian territory.


    The Hour (Last Day) will not be established until ... earthquakes will be very frequent.255
    There are two great events before the day of Judgment ... and then years of earthquakes.256



    The signs of the end times are coming one after the other

    In the hadiths that have come down to us from the Prophet (saas), news is given concerning the end times and the Golden Age of Islam. When we compare these signs with the things that are taking place in our time, we can see many indications that we are living through the End Times and which also herald the arrival of the Golden Age of Islam.
    We must make it clear that some of the signs pointed to in the hadiths that we have been considering in this chapter may have been witnessed to one extent or another throughout the 1,400-year history of Islam, in some part of the world. That does not mean, however, that those were the end times. Because, in order to describe one period as the End Times, all the signs of the last day need to happen at the same time, one after the other. That situation is referred to in a hadith:
    "Signs following one another like bits of a necklace falling one after the other when its string is cut."257
    In the hadiths, the beginning of the End Times is described as when discord grows, and war and conflict are on the increase, when there is chaos and moral degeneration rears its head and people turn away from the morality of religion. At the time in question, natural disasters will occur all over the world, poverty will reach unseen levels, there will be a large increase in the crime rate, and murder and brutality everywhere. Yet this will be only the first stage. During the second phase, Allah will rescue mankind from this chaos and replace it with a blessed existence full of plenty, peace and security.


    The Hour will not be established … till the people compete with one another in constructing high buildings.258

    The Last Day will not be established until... time will pass quickly.259

    Great distances will be traversed in short spans of time.260

    The Last hour will not come before time contracts, a year being like a month, a month like a week, a week like a day, a day like an hour, and an hour like the kindling of a fire.261


    The century we are living in has seen the capability of constructing supersonic aeroplanes, and the ability, thanks to trains and other improvements in means of transport, to make journeys in a few minutes that would once have taken months, and in great comfort. What this hadith indicates is also taking place in this manner.
    Communication between continents would take weeks hundreds of years ago, but is now a matter of seconds, thanks to the Internet and improvements in technology. Goods that used to take weeks to arrive, following a long journey, can now be delivered at a moment's notice. Billions of books can now be printed in the time it would take to write a single letter just a few centuries ago. As well, other technological developments have meant that we no longer waste large amounts of time on cooking, cleaning and child minding.
    One could go on citing similar examples. Yet, the important thing here, of course, is that the signs of Doomsday, as set out by the Prophet (saas) in the seventh century, are now happening one by one.

    The last hour will not come before the end of a man's whip speak to him.262

    The whip is known as a tool used in earlier times when riding or guiding pack animals such as horses or camels. When we look closely at this hadith, we can see that the Prophet (saas) is making a comparison. Let us ask people living at the present time a question, "Is there a modern implement that talks and resembles a whip?"
    The most logical reply to that question is the mobile telephone, with its long antenna, or similar communications equipment. If we bear in mind that mobile or satellite phones are comparatively recent developments, then the wisdom behind the Prophet (saas)'s description of 1,400 years ago is even clearer. That is just one more indication that we are living through the period prior to Doomsday.


    There will be no Judgment ... until a person's own voice speaks to him.263

    The message in the hadith is quite clear: A person's hearing the sound of his own voice is another sign of the end times. There is no doubt that in order to hear the sound of one's one voice, one first needs to record it, and then to play it back to himself. Sound recording and reproduction equipment are products of the twentieth century. That development marked a scientific turning point, and led to the birth of the communications and media industries. Sound reproduction is nearly perfect now, thanks to computer and laser technologies.


    In short, the electronic gadgets of our time, microphones and speakers, allow us to record sound and play it back, and are also manifestations of that related in the above hadith.

    The sign of that day: A hand will be extended from the sky, and people will look and see it.264

    The sign of that day is a hand extended in the sky and people stopping to look at it.265

    The Arabic word for "hand" in the above hadiths is "yed." As well as "hand," the dictionary also provides such meanings as "power, force, strength, means etc." It is probable that in these hadiths the word is used in those senses.

    The idea of a "power, force, strength or means" extending from the sky and looked upon by people might not make much sense in the context of past ages. Yet, it sheds considerable light on equipment such as the television, camera and computer, which have become such an indispensable parts of modern life, as described in the hadiths. In other words, the "hand" mentioned in these hadiths is used in the sense of force. It clearly points to pictures coming down from the sky in waves, in other words television broadcasting.


    People will reap 700 measures of wheat for every one they sow … People will throw down a few handfuls of seeds and reap 700 handfuls … Although much rain will fall, none will be wasted.266


    The Prophet (saas) provided many other details of the technological advances that will accompany the end times. Attention is also drawn in the hadiths to the move towards modern agricultural techniques, the development of new production methods, seed improvement research, and increasing production as a result of better use of rainwater by building new dams and artificial lakes.
    At that time ... life spans will grow longer.267

    Fourteen centuries have passed since the Prophet (saas) brought forward that news. The average expected lifespan is much higher now than it has been at any other time in recent history. A great difference can be seen even between the figures for the beginning and the end of the twentieth century. For instance, it is estimated that a baby born in 1995 will live some 35 years longer than one born around 1900. Another striking example on the same subject is that in the recent past very few people lived to be 100, whereas now it is a great deal more common.


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    208. Warren Treadgold, A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford University Press, 1997, p. 287-299
    209. Warren Treadgold, A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford University Press, 1997, p. 287-299
    210. Elmalili Hamdi Muhammad Yazir, Kuran-ý Kerim Tefsiri (Qur'an Tafsir)
    211. Imam Taberi, Taberi Tefsiri, (Tafsir at-Tabari)
    212. Al Hafiz ibn al-Dayba al-Shaybani,Taysir al-'usul ilaJami al-'usul, Volume 15, p. 420
    213. http://lists.isb.sdnpk.org/pipermail...il/000341.html
    214. http://www.mustakiim.de/Islam/IslamTarihi/bilgi5.htm
    215. M.G.S. Hodgson, The Venture of Islam, Volume1, Ýz Publications, Istanbul, 1993, p.61
    216. http://www.najaco.com/islam/companio...phet/sahmi.htm
    217. Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum,(The Sealed Nectar), http://www.quraan.com/Raheeq/32.asp
    218. http://cyberistan.org/islamic/chosroes.html
    219. http://www.najaco.com/islam/companio...phet/sahmi.htm
    220. hhttp://cyberistan.org/islamic/chosroes.html
    221. http://cyberistan.org/islamic/chosroes.html
    222. http://www.najaco.com/islam/companio...phet/sahmi.htm
    223. Salih Suruç, Kainatýn Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatý, (The Life of the Prophet (saas)), Yeni Asya Publications, Istanbul, 1998, p.225
    224. http://cyberistan.org/islamic/chosroes.html
    225. Salih Suruç, Kainatýn Efendisi Peygamberimizin Hayatý, (The Life of the Prophet (saas)) Yeni Asya Publications, Istanbul, 1998, p.225
    226. H.G. Wells, A Short History of the World, http://www.bartleby.com/86/41.html; http://www.encyclopedia.com/printablenew/25555.html
    227. Sahih Bukhari Hadith
    228. Sahih Bukhari Hadith
    229. Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 27
    230. Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p.38
    231. Tirmidhi Hadith
    232. Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanzul Ummaal
    233. Sahih Bukhari Hadith
    234. Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2 no: 146
    235. Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p.59
    236. Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Number 235
    237. Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Number 235
    238. Ismail Mutlu, Kýyamet Alametleri, (Signs of the Last Day), Mutlu Publications, Istanbul, 1999, p.138
    239. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p.47
    240. Imam Sarani, Olum-Kýyamet- Ahiret ve Ahir Zaman Alametleri, (Death, Judgment and Resurrection), Bedir Publications, Ýstanbul, p.440
    241. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 54
    242. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 54
    243. Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p.32
    244. Imam Rabani, Mektubat-ý Rabbani, (Maktubat Imam Rabbani) Translated by Abdulkadir Akcicek, Istanbul Daðýtým A.S., Istanbul, 2/1170
    245. Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p.35
    246. Ýsmail Mutlu, Kýyamet Alametleri, (The Signs of the Last Day) Mutlu Publications, Ýstanbul, 1999, s.166
    247. Ýmam Sarani, Ölüm-Kýyamet- Ahiret ve Ahir Zaman Alametleri, (Death, Judgment and Resurrection), Bedir Publications, Ýstanbul, p.461
    248. Necati Özfatura, Kurtlar Sofrasýnda Ortadoðu, Adým Publications, 1983, p.175
    249. Hurriyet Newspaper, 23 January 1991
    250. Necati Özfatura, Kurtlar Sofrasýnda Ortadoðu, Adým Publications, 1983, p.175
    251. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 47
    252. Sunan Abu Dawud Hadith
    253. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 49
    254. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 49
    255. Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 17, Number 146
    256. Ahmad Diya'al-Din al-Kamushkhanawi, Ramuz al-Ahadith, 187/2
    257. Tirmidhi Hadith, Number 1447
    258. Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Number 237
    259. Sahih Bukhari Hadith
    260. Sahih Musnad Hadith
    261. Tirmidhi Hadith
    262. Tirmidhi, Number1450
    263. Al- Qurtubi al-Tezkirah
    264. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 53
    265. Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 69
    266. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 43
    267. Ibn Hajar Haytahami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 43


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    Conclusion

    In the Qur'an, Allah states that He has brought about many miracles by means of the prophets. When the Prophet Musa (as) threw down his staff, for instance, it turned into a serpent, and when he smote the sea with that staff it divided into two, leaving a dry path down the middle. The Prophet 'Isa (as) came into the world without a father, and spoke while he was still in the cradle. Another miracle is the way he was able to heal the sick… All these miracles were support and help given to them, in the sight of Allah, to allow them to convince the people and lead them to believe in them.
    Allah supported the Prophet Muhammad (saas) by means of both the miracles in the Qur'an and with information given him regarding the unknown. The Prophet (saas) supplied details about events that would happen in the near and distant future. Seeing these actually come to be is both a means of increasing the excitement of believers and of warming the hearts of unbelievers towards Islam.

    Events that would have seemed impossible to happen in his own time, and that no one could even have imagined, which are now occurring one after the other, are clear evidence of the fact that the Prophet (saas) was relating special knowledge.

    We must make it clear that those who refuse to be guided to the true path will nevertheless still refuse to believe, despite the clear evidence and miracles of the Prophet (saas) and the Qur'an. Allah reveals that fact in the Qur'an:

    They have sworn by Allah with their most earnest oaths that if a Sign comes to them they will believe in it. Say: "The Signs are in Allah's control alone." What will make you realise that even if a Sign did come, they would still not believe? (Surat al-An'am: 109)



    Conclusion:Those who abide by the Prophet (saas) will be saved


    The most important reason for learning about the morality of the Prophet (saas), and how he behaved under particular conditions, is to take these as examples in order to try to emulate him in godliness, uprightness, purity of faith, modesty, cleanliness and belief. Most individuals take other people as their role models, emulate their behavior and try to talk and act like them. However, it is the Prophet (saas), and the other prophets who acted and believed like him, who ought to be followed.

    In the verses of the Qur'an, Allah stresses the importance of believing in Him and His Prophet (saas), and of supporting and helping the Prophet (saas) and following his path. He has given the good news that those who do so will be saved:

    So that you might all believe in Allah and His Messenger and honor Him and respect Him and glorify Him in the morning and the evening. (Surat al-Fath: 9)

    "… Those who believe in him and honor him and help him, and follow the Light that has been sent down with him, they are the ones who are successful." (Surat al-A'raf: 157)

    Supporting the Prophet (saas) at the present time is only possible by abiding by the Qur'an and his Sunnah, by making the same efforts as he did to spread the morality of the Qur'an throughout the world, and by doing all in one's power to be like him. Allah will help those who do so in the same way that He helped the Prophet (saas). He will ease their task and grant them success where they would have never expected it. Though, the most important reason for attempting to resemble the Prophet (saas) is to win our Lord's good pleasure, mercy and Paradise.


    So that you might all believe in Allah and His Messenger and honour Him and respect Him and glorify Him in the morning and the evening.

    (Surat al-Fath: 9)

    The Originator of the heavens and earth. When He decides on something, He just says to it, 'Be!' and it is.(Surat al-Baqara: 117)











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    Great Job sister
    May Allah bless you
    من هنا نبدأ ... وفي الجنة نلتقي
    إن شاء الله

    نقره لتكبير أو تصغير الصورة ونقرتين لعرض الصورة في صفحة مستقلة بحجمها الطبيعي

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    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    Was Muhammad Merciful?

    Formation : Mohammed Hassam Uddin Al-Khateeb

    Reveiwers : Abu Adham Osama Omara

    Short Description: The author said in his introduction,

    "The study itself falls into four parts:

    Chapter One: An Introduction,
    Chapter Two: Aspects of Mercy for Human Beings in the Character of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) Before the Divine Call,
    Chapter Three: Introducing the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh),
    Chapter Four: Aspects of Mercy for Human Beings in the Character of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) After the Divine Call."

    النسخة العربية


    و السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
    Last edited by عبد الرحيم1; 23-05-2011 at 07:58 PM.
    أين الذين هم الرجال إذا دعوا هبوا وإن دوى النفير أغاروا
    يا مسلمون ومن سواكم للحمى إن كشرت عن نابها الأخطار
    الله أكبر في الحياة نشيدنا نور على درب الكفاح ونار


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The prophet muhammad(saas

The prophet muhammad(saas