Qadr (al) :
"The Power." The night of Allah's power. Surah 97 of the Qur'an.
Qasr, which literally means 'to shorten', is technically used to signify the Islamic rule that during one's journey it is permissible, and indeed preferable, to pray only two rak'ahs in those obligatory Prayers in which a person is required to pray four rak'ahs.
Qawwam or qayyim is a person responsible for administering or supervising the affairs of either an individual or an organization, for protecting and safeguarding them and taking care of their needs.
Qiblah signifies the direction to which all Muslims are required to turn when offering their prescribed Prayers, namely towards the Ka'bah, in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Law of equal retaliation when punishing a person for injuries intentionally inflicted on someone else. See Al-Baqarah(2:178-179).
tradition: a hadith directly inspired by Allah (swt)
The Arab tribe to which the Prophet (S.A.W.) belonged
Radhi Allah 'Anhu (May Allah be pleased with him). Said whenever the name of a Sahabi (companion) is read or heard.
Rabb has three meanings: (i) Lord and Master; (ii) Sustainer, Provider, Supporter, Nourisher and Guardian, and (iii)Sovereign and Ruler, He who controls and directs. God is Rabb in all the three meanings of the term. The rational of the basic Qur'anic message - 'serve none but God' - is that since God is man's Rabb - Lord, Sustainer, Provider, Nourisher, etc. He alone should be the object of man's worship and service.See, for example, Qur'an 2:21.
Rabi al-Awal :
The third month of the Islamic calendar.
Rahim is from the root rhm (rahm) which denotes mercy. In the Qur'an this attribute of God has been used side by side with Rahman (which is also from the same root rhm). As such Rahim signifies God's mercy and beneficence towards His creatures. Moreover, according to several scholars, the word Rahim signifies the dimension of permanence in God's mercy.
Mercy for Humans and Animals
Rahman (literally 'merciful') is one of the personal names of God. According to scholars of the Arabic language and some commentators of the Qur'an, the word has the nuance of intensity regarding Divine Mercy. Thus the word does not just signify the One Who has mercy; it rather denotes the One Who is exceedingly merciful; the One Who is overflowing with mercy for all. Ar-Rahman: Surah 55 of the Qur'an.
The seventh month of the Islamic calendar.
Rajm (ar) :
Stoning. In Islamic law the Hadd punishment is Rajm.
Rajm (ar) :
Stoning. In Islamic law the Hadd punishment is Rajm.
Rak'ah (pl. raka'at) represents a unit of the Prayer and consists of bending the torso from an upright position followed by two prostrations.
The ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Fasting is obligatory during this month for all Muslims.
Messenger and prophet of Allah.
A narrator. In Hadith literature, it means the narrator of Ahadeeth.
A minor shirk. Carrying out a religious act for worldly gains and not for the pleasure of Allah.
Riba literally means 'to grow; to increase.' Technically, it denotes the amount that a lender receives from a borrower at a fixed rate in excess of the principal. It is of two kinds:
1. Riba Nasi'a - taking interest on loaned money.
2. Riba Fadal - taking something of superior quality in exchange for giving less of the same kind of thing of poorer quality.
Rooh al-Qudus :
"The Holy Spirit." Another name for the Angel Gabriel (Jibreel), peace be on him.
Ruku' means to bend the body to bow. This bowing is one of the acts required in Islamic Prayer. Additionally, the same word denotes a certain unit in the Qur'an. The whole Book, for the sake of the convenience of the reader is divided into thirty parts (ajza', sing. juz'), and each juz' consists usually of sixteen ruku'.
Rushd from the verb rashada means the right way (2:256). It also implies integrity and maturity in thought and action (21:51).
S.A.A.S. / S.A.W.S. :
These letters are abbreviations for the words "Salla Allahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam", which means : may the blessing and the peace of Allah be upon him. Muslims say this every time the name of Prophet Muhammad is mentioned, as he is the most beloved to the Muslims.
Going seven times between the small hills of Safa and Marwa; an essential rite of Hajj and Umra.
Sabbath, which means Saturday, was declared for the Israelites as the holy day of the week. God declared the Sabbath as a sign of the perpetual covenant between God and Israel. (Exodus 31:12-16.) The Israelites were required to strictly keep the Sabbath which meant that they may not engage in any worldly activity; they may not cook, nor make their slaves or cattle serve them. The Israelites, however, publicly violated these rules. For further details, see Surah 7.
Sabr is a comprehensive term having various shades of meaning. It implies (a) patience in the sense of being thorough, dedicated and devoted, (b) constancy, perseverance, steadfastness and firmness of purpose, (c) disciplined and planned effort with confidence and belief in the mission itself and (d) a cheerful attitude of acceptance and understanding under suffering and hardship and in times of strife and violance, and thankfulness to God in happiness, success and chievement.
to exercise self-control; will power; control over animal desires; patience; constancy
Anything given away in charity for the pleasure of Allah.
charity, spending voluntarily in the cause of Allah (swt)
Sadaqah jariyah :
A verandah attached to the Prophet's Masjid in Madina where poor Muslims, including some of the most exalted companions, used to sleep.
A companion of the Prophet (S.A.W.). Plural: Sahabiyeen.
the name given to the absolutely correct hadith in which there is no weakness and all the transmitters are proven to have possessed both ‘adl and dabt
Sahih Bukhari :
A book of Ahadeeth compiled by Imam Bukhari.
Sahih Muslim :
A book of Ahadeeth compiled by Imam Muslim.
1. Prostration. The act of prostration, particularly in the Salat.
2. As-Sajda: Surah 32 of the Qur'an.
Sajdah Sahu :
Prostration to recompense forgetting a required act of Salah.
a divine tranquility that is believed to descend when the Qur’an is recited
Prayers. There are five daily obligatory prayers. 1. Fajr (morning prayer); After dawn but before sunrise;
2. Duhr (early afternoon or noon prayer); early afternoon till late afternoon;
3. 'Asr (late afternoon prayer) late afternoon prayer till sunset;
4. Maghrib (sunset prayer); just after sunset;
5. Isha (late evening prayer); late evening till late at night.
Salat al-Janaza :
Funeral prayer. The prayer is done in standing position only and consist of four takbirs:
1. After the first Takbir, read Al-Fatihah.
2. After the second takbir, recite Tashahhud and Salat al-Ibrahimiya.
3. After the third Takbir, pray for the deceased person, his or her relatives, and all Muslims in general.
4. After the fourth Takbir, finish the prayer by uttering Assalamu Alaikum while turning to the right.
Salat al-Khawf :
Salat al-Khawf means Prayer in the state of insecurity. For its procedure see Surah al-Nisa 4:102.
Salih, from the root S-L-H meaning to reconcile, to put things in order, signifies behavior that is righteous, just and dignified. 'Amal salih, honorable or righteous action, is often combined in the Qur'an with Iman and made a condition for success in this world, as well as in the Hereafter. A prophet of Islam, peace be on him.
Sallallahu 'Alaihe wa Sallam (S.A.W.) :
"May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him." This is said whenever the name of prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) is mentioned or read. Th equivalent English phrase is usually abbreviated as S.A.W. (peace be upon him).
Samad (as) :
One of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah. It means Absolute, Eternal, and Everlasting. It refers to the One to Whom all created beings turn to for all their needs, and Who is not dependent on anything or anyone for any need. The Most Perfect in His Attributes.
A small army sent by Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) in which he did not personally take part.
Fasting. Plural: Siyam.
The eighth month of the Islamic calendar.
Sha`a'ir Allah :
Sha`a'ir Allah refer to all those rites which, in opposition to polytheism and outright disbelief and atheism, are the characteristic symbols of exclusive devotion to God.
Shahid in Islamic parlance means martyr. Plural: Shuhadaa.
Satan. Plural: Shayateen. See Iblis.
Shari'ah signifies the entire Islamic way of life, especially the Law of Islam.
The tenth month of the Islamic calendar.
Shirk consists of associating anyone or anything with the Creator either in His being, or attributes, or in the exclusive rights (such as worship) that He has against His creatures.
When one ascribes partners or setting up rivals to Allah in His rights.There are three types of polytheism:
1). The greater polytheism (Shirk Akbar).
2). The lesser polytheism (Shirk Asghar).
3). The inconspicuous polytheism (Shirk Khafi).
Shirk Akbar :
When a Muslim devotes any form of worship to other than Allah. Allah will never forgive one who dies upon Shirk,nor accept his good deeds, and he would be cast out from the folds of Islam.
Shirk Asghar :
The lesser polytheism is that means the acts of worship done to gain praise or fame rather than to please Allah, this type of polytheism, however, does not cast the person committing it out of the fold of Islam.
Shirk Khafi :
The inconspicuous polytheism implies being dissatisfied with the conditions ordained by Allah.The proof of the above Shirk is the saying of the Prophet “The inconspicuous polytheism is more hidden among this nation than the track of a black ant over a black stone on a dark night” (Musnad Ahmad)
Sidrat al-Muntaha :
"The lote-tree of the furthest limit." A tree over the seventh Heaven near Paradise, the place where form ends and beyond which no created being may pass. See An-Najm (53:14-18).
It is a "prison" where the records of the evil doers are kept. See Al-Mutafifeen (83:7-9).
This literally means 'a road'; it also means the bridge that will be laid across Hell-Fire for the people to pass over on the Day of Judgement. It is described as sharper than a sword and thinner than a hair. It will have hooks over it to snatch the people
"The straight path," the path that the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) demonstrated to mankind by way of the Holy Qur'an. The path that leads to the Paradise.
A piece of branch or root of a tree called al-Arak used as a toothbrush.
Subhan Allah :
"Glory be to Allah."
Subhana wa Ta'ala :
"May He be Glorified and Exalted."
A shaded place in Masjid al-Rasool, in Madinah where poor Sahaba used to take ****ter during Prophet Muhammad's time,
A meal taken before Fajr in the month of Ramadan to begin fasting.
Ahadeeth and the way of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.).
1). A practice, a way, a rule, a precedent; a manner of life; 2). Traditions and practices of the Prophet (saw) used as a complement to the Qur’an in understanding the laws of Allah
Sunnah Prayers :
Sunnah Prayers are prayers which are considered recommended in view of the fact that the Prophet (S.A.W.) either performed them often and/or made statements about their meritorious character.
A chapter of the Qur'an. Literally means "a form". There are 114 Surahs in the Holy Quran. Plural: Suwar
one who follows; those who succeeded the Sahabah
the thorough explanation into a subject (such as the Qur’an)
They are many but their leaders are Five:
1). Satan, may Allah curse him,
2). Anyone who is worshipped with his consent.
3). A person who calls the people to be worshipped instead of Allah.
4). A person who claims the knowledge of Ghaib (unseen, hidden, invisible, absent etc).
5). The ruler who rules by laws other than the law sent down by Allah.
Islamic Insurance. A scheme of mutual support that provides insurance to individuals against hazards of falling into unexpected and dire need.
literally means Divorce
Adoption and imitation of traditional legal decisions. Criticized by reform-minded legal thinkers as blind imitation – opposite of ijitihad
refers to avoiding those actions which have been prohibited.
cultivation and education
cleansing and purification
Tauhid-al-Asma was-Sifat It is an affirmation of all the Given Names and Attributes of Allah in a manner that suits His Majesty, as mentioned in the Qur'an and the Sunnah.
It is declaring Allah as the Only God to whom all acts worship must be dedicated such salat (prayers), Zakat, Sawm(fasting), supplications vowing etc.
It is declaring Allah to be One and Unique in His work, Iike creation, sustenance, bringing to life and causing death etc.
Tauhid declaring Allah to be the only God who deserves to be worshipped in truth and confirming all attributes with which He has qualified Himself or that are attributed to Him by His Messenger . There are three aspects of Tauhid:
Trust in Allah (swt)
Ritual recitation of the Qur’an
(sing‘alim) (n) those learned in Islam
Ummah the Muslim community
This literally means 'Odd number'. This prayer is performed after the Isha prayer. Witr rakahs are odd number of rakahs such as 1, 3, 5.
ablution; a special ritual of washing which precedes the Islamic prayers
The previous name of the city of Madinah.
Yawm ad-Deen :
In arabic this literally means "Day of Faith," it is one of several Arabic terms for Day of Judgement.
Arabic name for the holy ******ure revealed to Prophet David thousands of years ago.
Zakah al-Fitr :
This is paid once a year at the end of Ramadan before the Eid Al Fitr, it is a small obligatory tax imposed on every Muslim who has the means for himself and his dependents.
Zakah Al-Mal :
A tax that Muslims who are able must pay, it is equivalent to 2.5% of one's yearly savings above a certain amount to the poor and needy Muslims.
the mandatory giving of alms or charity to the poor; it is calculated as two and a half percent of the one’s annual savings; one of the Five Pillars of Islam
A Prophet of Allah (swt) and also father of John the Baptist
Zakatu-rid Tijaarah :
The payment of Zakah on profits of merchandise
The sacred well inside Al-Haram ash-Shareef in Makkah, which was revealed as a blessing to Prophet Ibrahim (as) wife Hagar, when she was loooking for water for the Prophet Ishmael (as). She ran seven times from the hills of Safa and Marwa in extremely hot weather looking for water. The Prophet Ishmael kicked the ground with his heel and the ZamZam water appeared as a blessing from Allah (swt)
The illicited act of illegal sexual intercourse and includes both fornication and adultery.
Muslims pray five times a day. Zuhr prayer is the obligatory prayer that is performed in the afternoon right after the sun moves away from its zenith.
with best regards